Dictionary of Geotourism

2020 Edition
| Editors: Anze Chen, Young Ng, Erkuang Zhang, Mingzhong Tian

Balin Stone

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2538-0_116

This stone gets its name because it is mainly produced in Bairin Right Banner in Chifeng City, Inner Mongolia. It has a very fine texture with crystal-clear colours of vermilion, orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, white, grey and black. It mainly contains minerals such as kaolinite and pyrophyllite with a small amount of alunite. It is composed of Al2O and SiO2 with trace elements of iron, manganese, titanium and other oxides, and some samples have a higher content of mercury sulphide cinnabar. It is a soft stone with a density of 2.4–2.7 g/cm3. Based on the colour, texture, pattern and structure, this stone can be divided into chicken blood stone, Fu yellow stone, frozen stone, colour stone and pattern stone. There are numerous varieties, and similar stones can be found in Shoushan, Qingtian and Changhua. The Balin stone comes from the intermediate acidic volcanic rocks of the Late Jurassic Manitu Formation that have been subjected to hydrothermal alteration.

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