Phenylpropanoids (Phenylpropenes) in Diets

Living reference work entry


Phenylpropanoids are a large group of phytochemicals that are biosynthesized from the amino acids, phenylalanine, and tyrosine, and they contain at least a phenyl ring linked to a three-carbon alkyl (propyl) group (C6–C3 structure). They also form one of the common groups of bioactive phytochemicals that are distributed in plant-based diets. A majority of phenylpropanoids contains an unsaturated three-carbon alkenyl chain and is commonly known as phenylpropenes, e.g., cinnamic acid and its derivatives. Thus, the main coverage of this chapter is on phenylpropene derivatives found in food plants and their bioactivities that are established from in vivo testing using either animal models or human trials. The chapter also briefly deals with bioavailability and metabolism of these bioactive dietary phytochemicals.


Phenylpropanoids Phenylpropenes Phenolics Bioactivity Secondary metabolite Bioavailability Food source Plant Marketed products Patents 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Natural Products Discovery (CNPD), School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular SciencesLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK

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