Encyclopedia of Teacher Education

Living Edition
| Editors: Michael A. Peters

Curriculum in Outdoor and Environmental Education

  • Alison LuggEmail author
  • John Quay
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1179-6_359-1
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Introduction

Curriculum is a polysemous term. It is often used to refer to the content knowledge that is to be learned, which is distinguished from the methods of teaching and learning; but it can also mean the whole course or program of learning. In outdoor education, discussion of curriculum is usually oriented around this broader notion which encompasses the whole program, its content, and methods.

Outdoor education programs have existed in institutional form for at least 50 years, in many parts of the world, including the British Isles, Europe, North America, Australia, and New Zealand (Quay 2016). These programs are primarily oriented toward younger participants, mainly in schools, where some see it as a curriculum area with identifiable content, while others consider it a method alone, involving an experiential approach to learning.

While practically well established, theoretically outdoor education is an emerging field, ripe for research and for new conceptualizations that...

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References

  1. Higgins, P. (2009). Into the big wide world: Sustainable experiential education for the 21st century. The Journal of Experimental Education, 32(1), 44–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Martin, P. (2008). Outdoor education in senior schooling: Clarifying the body of knowledge. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, 12 (1), 13–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Preston, L. (2011). Green pedagogy – Guidance and doubt in teaching outdoor and environmental education. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 39(4), 367–380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Quay, J. (2016). Outdoor education and school curriculum distinctiveness: More than content, more than process. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education, 19(2), 42–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Rickinson, M., Dillon, J., Teamey, K., Morris, M., Choi, M. Y., Sanders, D., & Benefield, P. (2004). A review of research on outdoor learning. Preston Montford, Shropshire: Field Studies Council.Google Scholar
  6. Wattchow, B., & Brown, M. (2011). A pedagogy of place: Outdoor education for a changing world. Clayton: Monash University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EducationRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Melbourne Graduate School of EducationThe University of MelbourneMelbourneAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • John Quay
    • 1
  • Tonia Gray
    • 2
  • Peter Higgins
    • 3
  1. 1.Melbourne Graduate School of EducationThe University of MelbourneUniversity of MelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Educational Research, School of EducationWestern Sydney UniversityPenrithAustralia
  3. 3.University of EdinburghEdinburghUK