Encyclopedia of Ocean Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: Weicheng Cui, Shixiao Fu, Zhiqiang Hu


  • Song-Jie Li
  • Guo-Qing Chen
  • A-Man ZhangEmail author
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6963-5_27-2



Submarine is the general name of all kinds of underwater vessels. Submarine is a kind of naval vessel that can sail and fight on the water and at a certain depth under water.

Scientific Fundamentals

Composition and Basic Type

System Composition

The submarine is mainly composed of hulls, control systems, power units, weapons systems, observation equipment, communications equipment, and navigation equipment. The equipment on board is mainly divided into five parts according to functions: observation system, communication system, navigation system, weapon system, and electromechanical system. Submarines usually use the following four types of shapes: conventional one, water-drop one, like water-drop, whale-shaped (Zhong and You 2017).

The weapon cabin includes torpedo cabin and missile cabin. Torpedo cabin of the modern submarine is generally located in the stern and used to store and launch torpedoes, missiles, and mines. The missile cabin...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Shipbuilding and Ocean EngineeringHarbin Engineering UniversityHarbin, HeilongjiangChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • A-Man Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Harbin Engineering UniversityHarbinChina