The surface warships are a kind of naval vessels, which are usually equipped with a certain number of soldiers, weapons, and special equipment and mainly sail on the surface of water with tactical and technical capabilities required by warfare or service support missions.
Historic Evolution of Surface Warships
From ancient times, ships have been extremely important transportation vehicles and military weapons. During the Stone Age, ancient humans waded through canoes and rafts to carry out fishing and hunting. With the development of technology, the ancient humans created sails and oars to control navigation of ships, and wooden sailing warships began to dominate the sea from then on. Since the modern industrial revolution, especially after the application of welding technology and steel materials, the performance of ships has been greatly enhanced (Marshall 1995; Gibbons 2001).
In the long period of...
- Black J (2016) Jutland’s place in history. Nav Hist 30(3):16–21Google Scholar
- Burr L, Bull P (2010) Us fast battleships 1938–91: the Iowa class. Osprey Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Friedman N (2002) U.S. amphibious ships and craft: an illustrated design history. US Naval Institute Press, AnnapolisGoogle Scholar
- Gibbons T (ed) (2001) The encyclopedia of ships: Over 1,500 military and civilian ships from B.C to present day. Thunder Bay Press, San EiegoGoogle Scholar
- Konstam A, Bryan T (2001) British Napoleonic ship-of-the-Line. Osprey Publishing, OxfordGoogle Scholar
- Lavery B (1983) The Ship of the Line: the development of the battlefleet, 1650–1850. US Naval Institute Press, AnnapolisGoogle Scholar
- Marshall C (ed) (1995) The encyclopedia of ships: The history and specifications of over 1,200 ships. Orbis Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Pair T (2011) Soviet battlecruiser Kirov. Betascript Publishing, SaarbrückenGoogle Scholar
- Robert G (ed) (1992) The eclipse of the big gun: the Warship, 1906–45. Conway’s History of the Ship. Conway Maritime Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Taylor B (ed) (2017) The world of the battleship: the design and careers of capital ships of the world’s navies, 1900–1950. US Naval Institute Press, AnnapolisGoogle Scholar
- Xiong YY, Xi W, Li P (2016) Prospect analysis of Zumwalt class destroyers. Nat Defense Sci Technol 37(6):57–61Google Scholar
- Zhang MD (2015) The birth and development of Oliver Hazard Perry Class Frigate. NAAS Inertial Technol 2015(6):58–79Google Scholar
- Zhou YH, Chi JW, Wang B (2003) Research of the status and development of large destroyer. Ship Sci Technol 25(4):34–36Google Scholar