Encyclopedia of Ionic Liquids

Living Edition
| Editors: Suojiang Zhang

Conversion of Chitin in Ionic Liquids

  • Caroline Hadad
  • Eric Husson
  • Albert Nguyen Van NhienEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6739-6_80-1

Introduction

Present in the exoskeleton of arthropods or in the cell walls of fungi, chitin belongs to the most abundant polysaccharides after cellulose and is composed of linear chains of β-(1 → 4)- N-acetyl-D-glucosamine. There are three types of chitins (α-, β-, γ-chitin) with different crystallographic structures. Among them, α-chitin, the most prominent form, is arranged in an antiparallel fashion and is found in both crustacean and insects’ sources [ 21]. Despite its excellent biodegradability, biocompatibility, antimicrobial activity, nontoxicity, low immunogenicity, and good mechanical properties, chitin remains underutilized. This limitation in terms of application is mainly due to: (i) the low extraction efficiency, (ii) the extraction costs excessively high and not environmentally friendly, and (iii) the lack of solubility of this hydrophobic biopolymer. To overcome this weak solubility, pretreatments (chemical, mechanical, enzymatic, …) are interesting alternatives by...
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline Hadad
    • 1
  • Eric Husson
    • 2
  • Albert Nguyen Van Nhien
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Glycochimie, des Antimicrobiens et des Agroressources, UMR CNRS 7378Université de Picardie Jules VerneAmiensFrance
  2. 2.Unité de Génie Enzymatique et Cellulaire, UMR CNRS 7025Université de Picardie Jules VerneAmiensFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Buxing Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Pete Licence
    • 3
  1. 1.Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Lab of Colloid, Interface and Chemical Thermodynamics, Institute of ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.University of NottinghamNottinghamUK