Advertisement

Teddy Diaries: Exploring Social Topics Through Socially Saturated Data

  • Marit Haldar
  • Randi Wærdahl
Reference work entry

Abstract

Teddy bears with diaries are common pedagogical tools for home-school collaboration. In this chapter, we use three analytical examples comparing teddy diaries from Norway and China to demonstrate how these diaries give unique access to the display of family life. Because the diaries circulate not only between the school and the family but between families, each family influences the other in how they write their entries. This social process saturates the diaries with the norms, values, and ideas of the social context. Comparing and contrasting diaries from two different contexts adds to the richness of each dataset, as it illuminates the things that we take for granted and the things that are there that we do not talk about. By this methodological demonstration, we wish to challenge two hegemonic positions in qualitative methods and show that you do not have to “be there” to get close to lived life and you do not have to “speak to people” to get trustworthy data about the social. This kind of data is easily assessable for research with the consent of schools and families, and they are easy to initiate in schools or any institutions with groups of some permanence.

Keywords

Display of families Participatory data Family life Comparative analysis Data saturation Teddy diaries 

References

  1. Bernstein G, Triger Z. Over-parenting. UC Davis Law Rev. 2011;44(4):1221–79.Google Scholar
  2. Borovski Lübeck S, Haldar M, Wærdahl R. Bamsens fortellinger om familielivet – hvordan familieidealer reproduseres gjennom skole-hjem-kommunikasjon. [the teddy bear’s stories about family life – how family ideals reproduce through home–school communication]. Barnläkaren. 2016;34(1):41–55.Google Scholar
  3. Chambers D. A sociology of family life: change and diversity in intimacy relations. Cambridge: Polity Press; 2012.Google Scholar
  4. Clifford J, Marcus G, editors. Writing culture: the poetics and politics of ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press; 1986.Google Scholar
  5. Davies J. Introduction: emotions in the field. In: Davies J, Spencer D, editors. Emotions in the field: the psychology and anthropology of fieldwork experience. Stanford: Stanford University Press; 2010. p. 1–34.Google Scholar
  6. Dean M. Governmentality: power and rule in modern society. London: Sage; 2009.Google Scholar
  7. Denzin N, Lincoln Y, editors. The sage handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 2011.Google Scholar
  8. Finch J. Displaying families. Sociology. 2007;41(1):65–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Geertz C. The interpretation of cultures: selected essays. New York: Basic Books; 1973.Google Scholar
  10. Graue EM, Walsh DJ. Studying children in context: theories, methods, and ethics. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 1998.Google Scholar
  11. Griffin C. Being dead and being there: research interviews, sharing hand cream and the preference for analysing ‘naturally occurring data’. Discourse Stud. 2007;9:246–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gubrium JF, Holstein JA. What is family? Mountain View: Mayfield; 1990.Google Scholar
  13. Gubrium JF, Holstein JA. Handbook of interview research: context and method. Thousand Oaks: Sage; 2002.Google Scholar
  14. Haldar M, Engebretsen E. Governing the liberated child in self-managed family display. Childhood. 2013;21(4):475–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Haldar M, Wærdahl R. Teddy diaries: a method for studying the display of family life. Sociology. 2009;43(6):1141–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Haldar M, Rueda E, Wærdahl R, Mitchell C, Geldenhuys J. Where are the children? Exploring the boundaries between text and context in the study of place and space in four different countries. Child Soc. 2015;29(1):48–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hammersley M. What is qualitative research? Bloomsbury: Bloomsbury Academic; 2013.Google Scholar
  18. James A. Giving voice to children’s voices: practices and problems, pitfalls and potentials. Am Anthropol. 2007;109(2):261–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kvale S. Doing interviews. Los Angeles: Sage; 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lamont M, Thévenot L. Introduction: toward a renewed comparative cultural sociology. In: Lamont M, Thévenot L, editors. Rethinking comparative cultural sociology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2000. p. 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lareau A, Shumar W. The problem of individualism in family-school policies. Sociol Educ. 1996;69:24–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liamputtong P. Qualitative research methods. 4th ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press; 2013.Google Scholar
  23. Marcus GE. Ethnography in/of the world system: the emergence of multi-sited ethnography. Annu Rev Anthropol. 1995;24:95–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Moore H. Anthropological theory at the turn of the century. In: Moore H, editor. Anthropological theory today. Oxford: Polity Press; 1999. p. 1–23.Google Scholar
  25. Morgan DHJ. Rethinking family practices. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan; 2011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rose N. Governing the soul: the shape of the private self. London: Routledge; 1989.Google Scholar
  27. Sacks H. On doing ‘being ordinary’. In: Atkinson JM, Heritage J, editors. Structures of social action: studies in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1984. p. 413–29.Google Scholar
  28. Serry T, Liamputtong P. The in-depth interviewing method in health. In: Liamputtong P, editor. Research methods in health: foundations for evidence-based practice. 3rd ed. Melbourne: Oxford University Press; 2017. p. 67–83.Google Scholar
  29. Silverman D. A very short, fairly interesting and reasonably cheap book about qualitative research. London: Sage; 2007.Google Scholar
  30. Silverman D. Interpreting qualitative data. 4th ed. London: Sage; 2011.Google Scholar
  31. Wadel, C. Feltarbeid i egen kultur. En innføring i kvalitativt orientert samfunnsforskning. [Fieldwork in your own culture. An introduction to qualitative social research] Flekkefjord, SEEK a/s. 1991.Google Scholar
  32. Wærdahl R, Haldar M. Socializing relations in the everyday lives of children. Comparing domestic texts from Norway and China. Childhood. 2013;20(1):115–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Work, Child Welfare and Social PolicyOslo and Akershus University College of Applied SciencesOsloNorway

Personalised recommendations