Advertisement

Nation-Level Counterterrorist Legislation, 1945–2017

  • Rebecca Louis
  • Eran ShorEmail author
Living reference work entry
Part of the International Human Rights book series (IHR)

Abstract

In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, most of the countries in the world passed counterterrorist legislation measures. This chapter provides an updated review on these measures, reintroducing the global counterterrorist legislation database (GCLD), which covers more than 1900 laws in 219 countries and territories between the years 1945 and 2017. This chapter brings descriptive statistics of the data, focusing on the historical development of global counterterrorist legislation, the regional and subregional distribution of this legislation, and the trends in types of legislation. It updates an article previously published in the Journal of Terrorism Research (Shor, J Terror Res 2:49–77, 2011), which first introduced the global counterterrorist legislation database (GCLD).

Keywords

Terrorism Counterterrorist legislation Cross-national 

References

  1. Alexander Y (ed) (2002) Combatting terrorism: strategies of ten countries. University of Michigan Press, Ann ArborGoogle Scholar
  2. Baev PK (2004) Instrumentalizing counterterrorism for regime consolidation in Putin’s Russia. Stud Confl Terror 27:337–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergesen A, Lizardo O (2004) International terrorism and the world-system. Sociol Theory 22:38–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhoumik A (2005) Democratic Responses to Terrorism: A Comparative Study of the United States, Israel and India, Denver Journal of International Law & Policy 33:286Google Scholar
  5. Black D (2004) The geometry of terrorism. Sociol Theory 22:14–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brysk A, Shafir G (eds) (2007) National insecurity and human rights: democracies debate counterterrorism. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  7. Chalk P (1996) West European terrorism and counter-terrorism: the evolving dynamic. St. Martin’s Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Charters DA (ed) (1994) The deadly sin of terrorism: its effects on democracy and civil liberty in six countries. Greenwood Press, WestportGoogle Scholar
  9. Crenshaw M (2001) Counterterrorism policy and the political process. Stud Confl Terrorism 24:329–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Criminal Code, RSC 1985, c C-46Google Scholar
  11. Donohue L (2008) The cost of counterterrorism. Stanford University Press, StanfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Enders W, Sandler T (1993) The effectiveness of antiterrorism policies: a vector-autoregression-intervention analysis. Am Polit Sci Rev 87:829–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Falk R (2007) Encroaching on the Rule of Law: Post 9/11 policies within the United States. In: Brysk A, Shafir G (eds) national insecurity and human rights: democracies debate counterterrorism. University of California Press, Berkely, pp 14–36Google Scholar
  14. Floud J, Young W (1981) Dangerousness and criminal justice. Heinemann, LondonGoogle Scholar
  15. Ganor B (2005) The counterterrorism puzzle: a guide to decision makers. Transaction, BrunswickGoogle Scholar
  16. Goodwin J (2006) A theory of categorical terrorism. Soc Forces 84:2027–2046CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Harrison F (2005) Basketball in the ‘Axis of Evil’. BBC News, Retrieved December 19, 2011 at (PDF) Between Adoption and Resistance: Grobalization and Glocalization in the Development of Israeli Basketball. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272417933_Between_Adoption_and_Resistance_Grobalization_and_Glocalization_in_the_Development_of_Israeli_Basketball [accessed Apr 07 2019]
  18. Hewitt C (ed) (1984) The effectiveness of anti-terrorist policies. University Press of America, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. Hoffman B (1998) Inside terrorism. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Kellman B (2003) National laws and measures: counter-terrorism regulation of biology. InterpolGoogle Scholar
  21. Keyzer P, Blay S (2006) Double punishment? Preventive detention schemes under Australian legislation and their consistency with international law: the Pardon Communication. Melb J Int Law 7(2):407–424Google Scholar
  22. Lustick I (2006) Trapped in the war on terror. University of Pennsylvania Press, PhiladelphiaCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. McSherry B (2003) Managing fear: the law and ethics of preventive detention and risk assessment. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Morris CW (eds.) (1987) The Terrorism Reader: A Historical Anthology, 2nd edn., New York: New American LibraryGoogle Scholar
  25. Okudzeto S (2007) Stamping Out Rights: The Impact of Anti-Terrorism Laws on Policing, New Delhi: Commonwealth Human RightsGoogle Scholar
  26. Piazza J (2006) Rooted in poverty? Terrorism, poor economic development and social cleavages. Terror Polit Violence 18:159–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ramraj V, Hor M, Roach K (eds) (2005) Global anti-terrorism law and policy. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  28. Robison K (2007) The challenges of political terrorism: a cross-national analysis of the downward spiral of terrorist violence and socio-political crisis. Ohio State University, ColumbusGoogle Scholar
  29. Schmid A, Crelinsten R (1993) Western Responses to Terrorism, New York: Frank Cass PublishersGoogle Scholar
  30. Shor E (2011) Constructing a global counterterrorist legislation database: dilemmas, procedures, and preliminary analyses. J Terror Res 2(3):49–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shor E (2016) Counterterrorist legislation and subsequent terrorism: does it work? Soc Forces 95(2):525–557CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Shor E (2017) Why do they legislate? A cross-national time-series analysis of terrorism and counterterrorist legislation. Soc Probl 64:106–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shor E, Filkobski I, Bloom PB-N, Alkilabi H, William S (2016) Does counterterrorist legislation hurt human rights practices? A longitudinal cross-national analysis. Soc Sci Res 58:104–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shor E, Baccini L, Tsai C-t, Lin T-H, Chen T (forthcoming) Counterterrorist legislation and respect for civil liberties: an inevitable collision? Stud Confl Terror.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2017.1314653
  35. Tilly C (2004) Terror, terrorism, terrorists. Sociol Theory 22:5–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. United Nations Security Council (2001) Press release: Security Council unanimously adopts wide-ranging anti-terrorism resolution. 4385th Meeting, SC/7158Google Scholar
  37. Walter C et al. eds (2004) Terrorism as a Challenge for National and International Law: Security vs Liberty?. Berlin: Springer 879–908Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of LawMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of SociologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations