Cognitive Radio and TV White Space (TVWS) Applications

  • J. H. MartinEmail author
  • L. S. Dooley
  • K. C. P. Wong
Living reference work entry


As more user applications emerge for wireless devices, the corresponding amount of traffic is rapidly expanding, with the corollary that ever-greater spectrum capacity is required. Service providers are experiencing deployment blockages due to insufficient bandwidth being available to accommodate such devices. TV White Space (TVWS) represents an opportunity to supplement existing licensed spectrum by exploiting unlicensed resources. TVWS spectrum has materialized from the unused TV channels in the switchover from analogue to digital platforms. The main obstacles to TVWS adoption are reliable detection of primary users (PU) i.e., TV operators and consumers, allied with specifically, the hidden node problem. This chapter presents a new generalized enhanced detection algorithm (GEDA) that exploits the unique way digital terrestrial TV (DTT) channels are deployed in different geographical areas. GEDA effectively transforms an energy detector into a feature sensor to achieve significant improvements in detection probability of a DTT PU. Furthermore, by framing a novel margin strategy utilizing a keep-out contour, the hidden node issue is resolved and a viable secondary user sensing solution formulated. Experimental results for a cognitive radio TVWS model have formalized both the bandwidth and throughput gains secured by TVWS users with this new paradigm.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. H. Martin
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • L. S. Dooley
    • 3
  • K. C. P. Wong
    • 3
  1. 1.IP/Optical Networks (ION)NokiaBristolUK
  2. 2.School of Computing and CommunicationsThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK
  3. 3.School of Computing and CommunicationsThe Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Yue Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electronic Engineering and Computer ScienceQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK

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