Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

2019 Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Women and Rural Agricultural Development

  • Maurizio Furst
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1179-9_616

Synonyms

Introduction

Women are key actors in rural development as they make essential contributions to the agriculture sector and have a major role in food security and nutrition in developing countries. However, gender inequality persists worldwide, depriving women and girls of their basic rights and opportunities as well as means to profit from agriculture such as information, resources, access to services, land, finance, and technology that are more easily accessible to men. Moreover, rural women are more likely to be food insecure than men and more likely to suffer from nutritional deficiencies especially during adolescent growth, menstruations, pregnancy, and breastfeeding. Additionally, in many cultures they eat the least and last within the household even deprioritizing their own nutrition in times of food of scarcity. Hence, young...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Alkire, S., Meizen-Dick, R., Peterman, A., Quisumbing, A. R., Seymour, G., & Vaz, A. (2013). The women’s empowerment in agriculture index. OPHI working paper (Oxford) 58. http://www.ophi.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/ophi-wp-58.pdf
  2. Bishop, C. (2017). Striving for gender transformative impacts in rural livelihoods. UN women, expert group meeting: Challenges and opportunities in achieving gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls. http://www.unwomen.org/-/media/headquarters/attachments/sections/csw/62/egm/ep17%20%20clare%20bishop.pdf?la=en&vs=3602
  3. Castillo Huertas, A. P. (2015). Las Mujeres y la TIerra en Guatemala: entre el colonialismo y el mercado liberal. Guatemala: Serviprensa.Google Scholar
  4. FAO. (2011). The state of food and agriculture 2010–11, women in agriculture: Closing the gender gap for development. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  5. FAO. (2013). FAO policy on gender equality. Attaining food security goals in agriculture and rural development. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
  6. Fletschner, D., & Kenney, L. (2014). Rural women’s access to financial services.Credit, savings and insurance. In A. R. Quisumbing, R. Meinzen-Dick, T. L. Raney, A. Croppenstedt, J. A. Behrman, & A. Peterman (Eds.), Gender in agriculture. Closing the knowledge gap. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. HPLF. (2017). Thematic review of SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. UN: Sustainable development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/14383SDG5format-revOD.pdf
  8. IFAD, FAO, & World Bank. (2009). Gender in agriculture: Sourcebook. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  9. IFAD, FAO, & World Bank. (2015). Gender in climate-smart agriculture. Extra module for the gender in agriculture: Sourcebook. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  10. IFPRI, OPHI, & USAID. (2012). Women’s empowerment in agriculture index. Washington, DC: IFPRI.Google Scholar
  11. IPCC. (2013). Climate Change. The physical science basis. Working group I contribution to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Lastarria-Cornhiel, S., Behrman, J. A., Meinzen-Dick, R., & Quisumbing, A. R. (2014). Gender Equity and Land: Toward Secure and Effective Access for Rural Women. In A. R. Quisumbing, R. Meinzen-Dick, T. L. Raney, A. Croppenstedt, J. A. Behrman, & A. Peterman (Eds.), Gender in agriculture. Closing the knowledge gap. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  13. Meinzen-Dick, R., Johnson, N., Quisumbing, A. R., Njuki, J., Behrman, J. A, Rubin, D., Peterman, A., Waithanji, E. (2014). The gender asset gap and its implications for agricultural and rural development. In A. R. Quisumbing, R. Meinzen-Dick, T. L. Raney, A. Croppenstedt, J. A. Behrman & A. Peterman (Eds.) Gender in agriculture. Closing the knowledge gap. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  14. Odura, A. D. (2017). Control and ownership of assets: A means for increasing gender equality and empowerment of rural women. UN women, expert group meeting: Challenges and opportunities in achieving gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls. http://www.unwomen.org/-/media/headquarters/attachments/sections/csw/62/egm/abena%20oduro%20-%20control%20and%20ownership%20of%20assets_final.pdf?la=en&vs=1431
  15. Oxaal, Z., & Baden, S. (1997). Gender and empowerment: Definitions, approaches and implications for policy. Bridge, Developing-Gender, 40.Google Scholar
  16. Sen, A. (1992). Inequality re-examined. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  17. Sen, A. (1999). Development as freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Slavchevska, V., Kaaria, S., & Taivalmaa, S. (2016). World feminization of agriculture in the context of rural transformations: What is the evidence? Washington, DC: World Bank. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/790991487093210959/pdf/ACS20815-WP-PUBLIC-Feminization-of-AgricultureWorld-BankFAO-FINAL.pdf
  19. UN. (2017). Progress towards the sustainable development goals. New York: UN.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurizio Furst
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsRoma Tre UniversityRomeItaly