Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

2019 Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Food Sovereignty

  • Marta G. Rivera-FerreEmail author
  • Rosa Binimelis
  • Feliu López-i-Gelats
  • Marina Di Masso
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1179-9_560



Despite decades of policies aiming to address hunger and rural poverty, these two challenges are still among the most acute problems that humanity is facing today and will face in the near future. Decades of official work on poverty reduction without major results led to the recognition and consensus that policies aimed at effective poverty reduction must address the needs of people in rural areas. But what are those needs and how are they met? Different worldviews and paradigms exist that propose different options to address the problem of hunger and rural poverty (Rivera-Ferre 2012), which result in different, often opposite, models. At the two extremes, we find a market-oriented dominant model of large-scale, capitalist, industrial, and export-based agriculture (Friedman and McMichael 1989) and the so-called alternative food systems and people-centered emergent models,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta G. Rivera-Ferre
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rosa Binimelis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Feliu López-i-Gelats
    • 1
    • 3
  • Marina Di Masso
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Vic-Central University of CataloniaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.GenØk Centre for BiosafetyTromsøNorway
  3. 3.Center for Agro-Food Economy and Development (CREDA-UPC-IRTA)CastelldefelsSpain