Food Banks are nonprofit organizations whose main objective is to combat food insecurity by means of the distribution of food via intermediary entities. In some cases, although not always, this is surplus food which, if not donated, would become food waste. Although there are numerous types of Food Bank, the functioning of many of them depends to a large extent upon the work of volunteers. With a few exceptions, these are entities that distribute and/or deliver the food as and when it is received, that is, without processing it.
Various sources (Poppendieck 1999; Schneider 2013, p. 756) locate the modern origin of Food Banks in Arizona in the late 1960s. John van Hengel, who was volunteering at a soup kitchen in Phoenix, began soliciting donations of surplus food products picked up from grocery stores in the area. Then he decided to set up a warehouse where donated products could be stored for distribution to charities feeding hungry people in Phoenix. In 1976, the US...
- Arbour, L. (2006). Economic and social justice for societies in transition. Second Annual Transitional Justice Lecture hosted by the Center for Human Rights and Global Justice at New York University School of Law and by the International Center for Transitional Justice. Accessed at: http://graduateinstitute.ch/files/live/sites/iheid/files/shared/executive_education/IMAS/IMAS_2011_2012/Modules%202010-2011_S3/Droits/FR_LArbour_25102006_ENG.pdf
- Cloke, P., May, J., & Willliams, A., (2016). The geographies of Food Banks in the meantime. Progress in Human Geography, 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309132516655881.
- De Schutter, O. (2013). Freedom from hunger: realizing the right to food in the UK: A lecture by the United Nations special rapporteur on the right to food. London: Just Fair. http://just-fair.co.uk/freedomfromhunger. Accessed 17 Jan 2015.
- Escajedo San-Epifanio, L. 2016. The politics of food waste and food poverty in the EU: Some ethical reflections. In I.A. Olsson S.M. Araújo, & Vieira, M. F., (Eds.) Food futures: Ethics, science and culture. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publisher.Google Scholar
- Eurostat. (2015). Inability to afford a meal with meat, chicken, fish (or vegetarian equivalent) every second day. Accessed at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-datasets/-/ilc_mdes03
- EU Commission. (2015). Closing the loop – An EU action plan for the Circular Economy. COM (2015) 614 in fine.Google Scholar
- Evans, B. M., & Shields, J. (2000). Neoliberal restructuring and the third sector: reshaping governance, civil society and local relations. Centre for Voluntary Sector Studies, Ryerson University Working Paper Series, no. 13. http://www.ryerson.ca/~cvss/WP13.pdf
- FAO. (1996). Rome declaration on world food security. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- FAO. (2013). Food wastage foodprint. Impacts on natural resources. Summary report. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- McIntyre, L., Tougas, D., Rondeau, K. & Mah, C. (2015). In-sights about Food Banks from a critical interpretive synthesis of the academic literature. Agriculture and Human Values, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-015-9674-z.
- Perry, J., Williams, M., Seffton, T., & Haddad, M. (2014). Emergency use only. In Understanding and reducing the use of Food Banks in the UK. London: CPAG – OXFAM.Google Scholar
- Poppendieck, J. (1999). Sweet charity: Emergency food and the end of entitlement. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
- Power, E. M. (2015). Food Banks. In K. Albala (Ed.), The Sage encyclopedia of food issues (Vol. 2, pp. 552–557). London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Riches, G. (Ed.). (1997). First world hunger. Food security and welfare politics. London: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
- Riches, G., & Silvasti, T. (Eds.). (2014b). First world hunger revisited. Food charity or the right to food? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Ronson, D., & Caraher, M. (2015). Food Banks: Big society or shunting yards? Successful failures. In M. Caraher & J. Coveney (Eds.), Food poverty and insecurity: International food inequalities. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
- Silvasti, T., & Riches, G. (2014). Hunger and food charity in rich societies: What hope for the right to food? In G. Riches & T. Silvasti (Eds.), First world hunger revisited. Food charity or the right to food? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Tarasuk, V., & MacLean, H. (1990). The institutionalization of Food Banks in Canada: A public health concern. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 81, 331–332.Google Scholar