Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

2019 Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Food and Life Chances

  • Rachel OuthredEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1179-9_337



Life chances refer to the opportunities each individual has to improve upon his or her quality of life and are generally correlated to the individual’s social situation. Traditionally, life chances has been related to lifestyle choices and the distribution of rewards, however has more recently been used within a social justice perspective informing the question of capabilities and inequalities between social categories (Manuel 2006).

The world is now a place where opulence and destitution are the lived realities of certain groups. Sen argues that this opulence is unprecedented, to the extent that it would have been challenging to imagine a century or two ago. Simultaneously, there is “deprivation, destitution and oppression” (Sen 2001, p. xi). Brown and von Braun state that roughly 80% of the world’s 1.2 billion poor are dependent on agriculture for...

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Council for Educational ResearchPolicy Analysis and Program EvaluationMelbourneAustralia