This entry examines the question whether foods can be substances to which people become addicted. Is “food addiction” a defensible and plausible concept? Immediately several important questions and concerns arise. The first is the more general question: “What is addiction?” The second is whether certain foods or their “use” fall within accepted models of addiction. Can foods be “used” and have similar deleterious effects as the more paradigmatic drugs of alcohol, cocaine, and nicotine? The third concern involves the sorts of food that can be addictive. Fourth and fifth are the health implications for individuals and the public health implications that food addiction is causing an obesity epidemic. The sixth concern involves individual, social, and corporate responsibility for the causes and consequences of food addiction. The entry ends with a discussion of what food advocates and the food industry might learn from...
- Agrawal, A., Sartor, C., Lynskey, M., Grant, J., Pergadia, M., Grucza, R., Bucholz, K., Nelson, E., Madden, P., Martin, N., & Heath, A. (2009). Evidence for an interaction between age at first use and genetic influence on DSM-IV alcohol dependence symptoms. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 30(12), 2047–2056.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed. text rev). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
- Cheren, M., Foushi, M., Gudmundsdotter, E. H., Hillock, C., Lerner, M., Prager, M., Rice, M., Walsh, L., & Werdell, P. (2009). Physical craving and food addiction: A scientific review. Food Addiction Institute. Retrieved from http://foodaddictioninstitute.org/scientific-research/physical-craving-and-food-addiction-a-scientific-review/.
- Wang, G. J., Geliebter, A., Volkow, N. D., Telang, F. W., Logan, J., Jayne, M. C., Galanti, K., Selig, P. A., Han, H., Zhu, W., Wong, C. T., & Fowler, J. S. (2011). Enhanced striatal dopamine release during food stimulation in binge eating disorder. Obesity (Silver Spring), 19(8), 1601–1608. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2011.27 Epub 2011 Feb 24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar