Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

John Pecham

  • Girard EtzkornEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1151-5_277-2

Abstract

John Pecham (c. 1225–1292), Doctor Ingeniosus, was born c. 1225 in Patcham near Brighton. He pursued his early studies under the tutelage of the Benedictine monks at the Cluniac abbey at Lewes. He joined the Franciscans sometime between 1250 and 1256 and was sent to Paris to pursue his theological studies. He became regent master at the University of Paris in 1270–1271. From there, he returned to England where he was regent master at the University of Oxford from 1272 to 1275. He was elected minister provincial of the English friars in 1275 and subsequently became lector at the Papal Curia from 1277 to 1279 when he was made Archbishop of Canterbury on January 28, 1279, occupying England’s primatial see until his death on 8 December 1292.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

Primary Sources (Partial List)

  1. Commentarium in I Sent., Florence Bibl. Naz. Conv. Soppr. G.4.854; Napoli Bibl. Naz. VII.C.2 [as yet unedited].Google Scholar
  2. De gradibus formarum (Opus perditum).Google Scholar
  3. Opera Ioannis Pecham (1910). Tractatus contra Kilwardby, ed. Tocco F, Tractatus tres de paupertate, ed. Kingsford CL, Little AG, Tocco F, British Society of Franciscan Studies. II (Aberdeen, 1910/reprint, 1966), pp. 121–147.Google Scholar
  4. Opera Ioannis Pecham (1928). Summa de ente et essentia, ed. Delorme F. Studi Francescani, Series 2, 14, pp. 56–71.Google Scholar
  5. Opera Ioannis Pecham (1949). Tractatus de anima, ed. Melani G. Biblioteca di Studi Francescani. Florence, pp. lvii + 160.Google Scholar
  6. Opera Ioannis Pecham (1970). Perspectiva communis. John Pecham and the science of optics, ed. Lindberg D. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Milwaukee and London, pp. xvii + 300.Google Scholar
  7. Opera Ioannis Pecham (1972). In D. Lindberg (Ed.), Tractatus de perspectiva (pp. 7–110). St. Bonaventure University, Franciscan Institute Publications.Google Scholar
  8. Opera Ioannis Pecham (1985). De numeris mysticis. In B. Hughes (Ed.), Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 78, 3–28, 333–383.Google Scholar
  9. Opera Ioannis Pecham (1989). Quodlibeta quatuor, ed. Etzkorn G et al. Bibliotheca Franciscana Scholastica XXV. Padri Editori di Quaracchi, Grottaferrata, pp. 28* + 360.Google Scholar
  10. Opera Ioannis Pecham (2002). Quaestiones disputatae: De verbo, De eucharistia, De praecepto, De natura lapsa, De peccato, De stellis, De pueris oblatis, De perfectione evangelica, De anima, De beatitudine animae et corporis, De aeternitate mundi, ed. Etzkorn G et al. Bibliotheca Franciscana Scholastica XXVIII. Padri Editori di Quaracchi, Grottaferrata, pp. xxiii + 669.Google Scholar
  11. Opera Ioannis Pecham (2015). A critical edition and translation, with commentary, of John Pecham’s Tractatus De Sphaera, ed. B. Maclaren and G. Etzkorn. Franciscan Institute Publications, pp. lxiv + 129.Google Scholar

Secondary Sources (Partial)

  1. Boureau, A. (1999). Théologie, science et censure aux XIII siécle. Le cas de Jean Pecham (p. 376). Paris: Les Belles Lettres. (2e édition revue en 2008).Google Scholar
  2. Bukowski, T. P. (1979). J. Pecham, T. Aquinas et al., on the eternity of the world. Recherches de Théologie Ancienne et Médiévale, 46, 216–221.Google Scholar
  3. Callebaut, A. (1925). Jean Peckham OFM et l’Augustinisme. Archivum Franciscanum Historicum, 18, 441–472.Google Scholar
  4. Classen, S. (1938). Eine Antwort auf die theologische Quaestion des Johannes Pecham. Franziskanische Studien, 25, 241–258.Google Scholar
  5. Colley, C. (2014). John Pecham on life and mind. Doctoral Dissertation at University of South Carolina, pp. viii + 532.Google Scholar
  6. Dales, R. C., & Argerami, O. (1991). John Pecham, whether the world was able to be created from eternity. Medieval Latin texts on the eternity of the world (pp. 69–85). Leiden/New York: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  7. Dondaine, A. (1976). Le ‘Quodlibet’ de Jean Pecham ‘De Natali’ dans la Tradition Manuscrite Thomiste. Studies honoring Ignatius Charles Brady, Friar Minor. In W. A. Frank, & G. J. Etzkorn (Eds.). St. Bonaventure: Franciscan Institute Publications, pp. 199–218.Google Scholar
  8. Doucet, V. (1933). Notulae bibliographicae de quibusdam operibus fr. Joannis Peckham. Antonianum, 8, 307–328, 425–459.Google Scholar
  9. Douie, D. L. (1952). Archbishop Pecham (p. xii + 382). Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  10. Ehrle, F. (1889). John Peckham über den Kampf des Augustinismus und Aristotelismus im XIII Jahrhundert. Z Theol Kirche, 13, 172–193.Google Scholar
  11. Estévez, A. P. (1992). Voluntad y Poder en los quodlibetos de Juan Pecham. In Proceedings of the ninth international congress of medieval philosophy (Vol. 2, pp. 787–796). Ottawa.Google Scholar
  12. Etzkorn, G. J. (1977). Révision dans l’ordre des quodlibets de Jean Pecham. Bull Philos Médiév, 19, 65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Etzkorn, G. J. (1989). John Pecham OFM. A career of controversy. In E. King, J. Schaefer, & E. Wadley (Eds.), Monks, nuns and friars in mediaeval society (pp. 71–82). University of the South.Google Scholar
  14. Etzkorn, G. J. (1998). John Pecham OFM. In Routledge encyclopedia of philosophy (Vol. 7, pp. 267–269). London/New York.Google Scholar
  15. Etzkorn, G. J. (2003). John Pecham OFM. In A companion to philosophy in the middle ages (pp. 384–387). Malden MA/Oxford/Melbourne/Berlin.Google Scholar
  16. Finucane, R. C. (1987). The register of archbishop John Pecham and his notary, John of Beccles: Some unnoticed evidence. The Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 38, 406–436.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Franklin, M. J. (2004). Pecham (Peckham), John (c. 1320–1292). In Oxford dictionary of national biography (pp. 362–369). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Hambly, G. R. G. (1999). John Pecham OFM. In Dictionary of world biography (Vol. 2, pp. 715–718). London: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  19. Hills, P. (1998). Giotto and the students of optics: Bacon, Pecham and Witelo (pp. 310–317). New York: Garland.Google Scholar
  20. (1895). Jean Peckham. In Dictionary of national biography (Vol. 44, pp. 190–197). London: Smith, Elder & Co.Google Scholar
  21. (2002). Jean Peckham. In G. Gauvard, A. de Libera, & M. Zink (Eds.), Dictionnaire du Moyen Age (pp. 787a–788b). Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Google Scholar
  22. Knowles, M. D. (1942). Some aspects of the career of archbishop Peckham. English Historical Review, 58, 1–18, 178–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lindberg, D. C. (1983). Lines of influence in thirteenth-century optics. Studies in the history of medieval optics. Variorum Reprints, pp. 66–83.Google Scholar
  24. Petersen, Z. (2002). Peckham (Pecham), John (c. 1230–1292). The rise of the medieval world, 500–1300 (pp. 335–336). Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  25. Sileo, L. (1994). Il ruolo della dottrina delle idee nel quadro epistemologico de Bonaventura et Pecham (pp. 41–70). Roma: Armando.Google Scholar
  26. Spettmann, H. (1915). Quellenkritisches zur Biographie des Johannes Peckham. Franziskanische Studien, 2(170–207), 266–285.Google Scholar
  27. Teetaert, A. (1933). Pecham. Dictionnaire de Théologie Catholique, 12, 100–140.Google Scholar
  28. Thorndike, L. (1942–1943). Duhem’s ‘disciple of Bacon’ identified with John Pecham. Isis, 34, 28.Google Scholar
  29. Traver, A. G. (2002). Pecham, John, archbishop of Canterbury. Historical dictionary of late medieval England, 1272–1485 (pp. 415–416). Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  30. Wilson, G. (1998). The critique of Thomas Aquinas’s unicity theory of forms in John Pecham’s Quodlibet IV (Romanum). Franciscan Studies, 56, 423–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Franciscan InstituteSt. Bonaventure UniversityCrossvilleUSA