Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffery D. Long, Rita D. Sherma, Pankaj Jain, Madhu Khanna


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_813-1


Life and Teachings

Vallabhācārya, who founded the school of Kṛṣṇa devotion known as the Puṣṭimārga or “path of grace” and the complementary philosophy known as śuddhādvaita or brahmavāda, was born into a South Indian Vaiṣṇava brahman family in the Champa forest in present Madhya Pradesh in the year 1479. Although he traveled widely throughout India, he lived most of his early life in Banaras, then in Gokul, near Mathura, where the Puṣṭimārga was founded, before finally establishing his home in Adel, near Allahabad. He passed away in Banaras in 1531. He flourished at a time when religious thought and practice were undergoing profound changes in North India. His life span was nearly identical with that of Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya (1486–1533), who founded the Gauḍīya school of Kṛṣṇa devotion. Although both spent important moments of their lives in Vraja, an area roughly contiguous with the current boundaries of Mathura...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Barz R (1976) The bhakti sect of Vallabhacharya. Thomson Press, FaridabadGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bennett P (1993) Krishna’s own form: image worship and Puṣṭi Mārga. J Vaiṣṇava Stud 1(4):109–134Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bhatt BK (1980) Vallabhacharya. Abul Kalam Azad Oriental Research Institute, HyderabadGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hardy F (1974) Mādhavendra Purī: a link between Bengal Vaiṣṇavism and south Indian Bhakti. J R Asiat Soc 1974:23–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Redington JD (2000) The grace of Lord Krishna: the sixteen verse-treatises (Ṣoḍaṣagranthāḥ) of Vallabhacharya. Sri Satguru Publications, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Saha S (2004) A community of grace: a history of the Puṣti Mārga in northern and western India (1493–1905). PhD dissertation, University of OttawaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shah JG (1969) Shri Vallabhacharya, his religion and philosophy. Pushtimargiya Pustakalaya, NadiadGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Smith FM (1993) The Saṃnyāsanirṇaya, a Śuddhādvaita text on renunciation by Vallabhācārya. J Vaiṣṇava Stud 1(4):135–156Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Smith FM (1998) Nirodha and the Nirodhalakṣaṇa of Vallabhācārya. J Indian Philos 26(6):589–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Smith FM (2005) The hierarchy of philosophical systems according to Vallabhācārya. J Indian Philos 33(4):421–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Smith FM (2005) Vedic and devotional waters: the Jalabheda of Vallabhācārya. Hindu Studies 10(1):107–136Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Smith FM (2011) Predestination and hierarchy: Vallabhācārya’s discourse on the distinctions between blessed, rule-bound, worldly, and wayward souls (the Puṣṭipravāhamaryādābheda). J Indian Philos 39:173–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smith FM (2016) The Siddhāntamuktāvalī: Vallabhācārya’s “pearl necklace of correct views” as an epitome of his Vedānta. J Vaiṣṇava Stud 25(1):123–151Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ṭaṃḍan H (1961) Vārtā-Sāhitya. Bhārat Prakāśan Maṇḍir, AligarhGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Timm JR (1985) God, language, and revelation: the Tattvārthadīpanibandha of Vallabhācārya. PhD dissertation, Temple UniversityGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sanskrit and Classical Indian LiteratureUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA