Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Besant, Annie

  • Carl Olson
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_74-1

Annie Besant (1847–1933) was a controversial figure in the latter half of the nineteenth century in England and India. Over the course of her public career, Besant was a mother, social reformer, freethinker, feminist, author, atheist, secularist, Neo-Malthusian, president of the Theosophical Society, establisher of colleges in India, martyr, president of the Indian National Congress, deified as a goddess, and finally demonized by many Indians.

Born into a middle-class family to a father who was a scientist and religious skeptic and a pious Anglican mother, Annie Besant lost her father at an early age, forcing her mother to arrange for her daughter to be taught by a wealthy widow so that there would be money to pay for her brother’s education at Harrow. Besant was not handicapped by her education by Amy Marry, a maiden of economic means. In her autobiography, she imagines herself becoming a religious leader while being educated in an Evangelical type of faith, but she regrets a lack of...

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References

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    Anderson NF (2008) Mother Besant’ and Indian national politics. J Imp Commonw Hist 30(3):27–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Besant A (1893) An autobiography. T. Fisher Unwin, LondonGoogle Scholar
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    Besant A (1887) The law of population: its consequences and its bearing upon human conduct and morals. Freethought Publishing Company, LondonGoogle Scholar
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    Besant A (1887) Why I do not believe in god. Freethought Publishing Company, LondonGoogle Scholar
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    Sreenivas M (2015) Birth control in the shadow of empire: the trials of Annie Besant 1877–1878. Fem Stud 41(3):509–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Taylor A (1992) Annie Besant: a biography. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Religious StudiesAllegheny CollegeMeadvilleUSA