Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Bhakti

  • Ravi KhangaiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_522-1
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Synonyms

Dāsya Bhakti – A devotion in which a devotee considers himself as a servant of the God.

Jňāna mārga – Intellectual, meditative way of reaching the divine.

Karma mārga – The way of dedicating all actions to God.

Madhura Bhakti – A devotion in which the God is perceived as a lover.

Mokṣa/Mukti – Liberation from the cycle of birth and death.

Nirguṇa Brahman – The supreme soul who is believed to be without attributes.

Saguṇa Brahman – The God with the attributes.

Sākhya Bhakti – A devotion when the God is perceived as a friend.

Vātsalya A love between mother and child.

Definition

The word “Bhakti” is derived from the Sanskrit word bhaj which means to serve, honor, revere, love, and adore ([17], p. 743). In the Indian Dharmic traditions, Bhakti is understood as loving devotion to God. As the feeling of surrendering to the divine is inherent in the growth of religious beliefs, it is difficult to trace the beginning of Bhakti. But the expressions of similar feelings are found in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryRashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur UniversityNagpurIndia
  2. 2.Hindu University of AmericaOrlandoUSA