Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffery D. Long, Rita D. Sherma, Pankaj Jain, Madhu Khanna

Hastings, Warren

Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_395-2

Among the pioneers of British colonialism in Mughal Bengal, Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General of India appointed by the British East India Company (EIC), was a true Janus-faced statesman. Unlike his predecessor Governor Robert Clive (1724–1774) who had paved the way for the Company to become a puissant colonial power by virtue of sheer military conquest, Hastings, a sensitive, cultured, and conscientious as well as an experienced India hand, effected a number of administrative reforms in Bengal. He also undertook some cultural projects to enhance understanding of the mind-set of an alien people with a view to eliminating blatant iniquity of the EIC officials turned illegal traders and exploiters of the natives with impunity. And yet, upon his return to England, he faced partly legitimate but mostly politically motivated charges of corruption and gratuitous cruelty to the subject peoples of the Company Raj.

Warren was born in a respectable rural family of declining fortune of...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Davies AM (1935) Strange destiny: a biography of Warren Hastings. G.P. Putnam’s Sons, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Feiling KG (1954) Warren Hastings. St. Martin’s Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Forrest GW (2008) India under Warren Hastings. Kessinger Publishing LLC, Whitefish. 1892. ReprintGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lyall A (1915) Warren Hastings. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Macaulay TB (1907) Critical and historical essays, vol I (ed: Grieve AJ). Longman, Brown, Green, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marshall PJ (2004) Hastings, Warren (1732–1818). In: Oxford dictionary of national biography. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 782–791Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Marshall PJ (1965) The impeachment of Warren Hastings. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Monckton-Jones ME (1918) Warren Hastings. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moon P (1949) Warren Hastings and British India. Macmillan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Turnbull P (1975) Warren Hastings. New English Library, LondonGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryWestern Oregon UniversityMonmouthUSA