Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffery D. Long, Rita D. Sherma, Pankaj Jain, Madhu Khanna


Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_348-1


Dharma– Dharma is one of the most difficult words to translate into English. Sometimes it means a sacred duty, sometimes as a law, sometimes as an obligation, and sometimes as a desirable behavior.

Nīyoga A practice refereed in the ancient Sanskrit texts, by which a woman is allowed to produce a son from a man other than her husband in special circumstances.

Sati A practice of woman burning herself with the dead husband. This was followed among some sections of the Hindus, and it is banned since early nineteenth century in India.

Svyaṃvara – Literary “self-choice of a groom.” A ceremony during which the maidens selected their groom out of the assembled suitors.


Kuntī is an important woman character in the epic Mahābhārata. Widowed at an early age, she brings up her five sons, the Pāṇḍavās with resilience. The Pāṇḍavās have a high regard for her words.

A Boon from the Sage

Kuntī, also known as Pṛthā, was the daughter of Śūra, the Yādava chief. Her father gave her...


Duryodhana Arjuna Dharma Ancient Sanskrit Texts Natural Arm 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryRashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur UniversityNagpurIndia
  2. 2.Hindu University of AmericaOrlandoUSA