Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta

  • Elisa FreschiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_197-1

Synonyms

Definition

In its full-fledged form, the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta is a Vedānta school, that is, it recognizes a form of God as brahman (on the various ways of understanding God in India, see [6]), it accepts the authority of a given set of texts (the Upaniṣads, the Brahmasūtra, and the Bhagavadgītā), and explicitly grounds its tenets in the exegesis of textual passages out of the above works.

The full-fledged Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta also accepts further groups of texts, namely, the Pañcarātra (a group of Vaiṣṇava texts prescribing personal and temple rituals (see [9]) and on their role within Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, [7]) and, more importantly, the Tamil devotional poems collected in the Divyaprabandham. These poems were composed in Tamil by poet-saints called āḻvārs, and they highlight various personal traits of the various aspects of Viṣṇu.

The Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta flourished predominantly in South India, especially in the second millennium CE and...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for the Cultural and Intellectual History of AsiaAustrian Academy of Sciences and University of ViennaViennaAustria