Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Daiva

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_175-1

Introduction

Many Hindu texts, such as Mahabharata, Ramayana, Manusmriti, Brahman, and Atharva Veda, describe the term Daiva with reference to something that belongs to God or coming down to us from celestial, divine, or gods [2]. Also, the term is used for sacredness and royal. In Atharva Veda, the concept of Daiva has been praised in a hymn: Dev maha osi “God is verily great.” In Kavya literature, Daiva also means destined path or outcome or some fatal event. Adi Guru Shankaracharya mentions it as knowledge of portents. According to Bhagavad Gita, Daiva has many virtues: tejah “influence,” abhayam “fearlessness,” hrih “modesty,” kshama “forgiveness,” adrohah “faithfulness,” saucam “cleanliness,” ahimsa “nonviolence,” satyam “truthfulness,” dhritih “determination,” acapalam “reliability,” tapah “austerity,” vyavasthisth “cooperation,” mardavam “gentleness,” dana “charity,” aloluptvam “generosity,” santih “peacefulness,” dama “self-control,” yajna “sacrifice,” tyagah “renunciation,” day...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Humanities & Social Sciences – Languages & LiteratureShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia