Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Kshatriya

  • Mona RawalEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_113-1
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There exists no greater good for a kshatriya than a war enjoined by duty.

Happy are the Kshatriyas O Parth, for whom such a war comes of its own accord as an open door to heaven. But if thou does not this lawful battle, then thou wilt fail thy duty and glory and will incur sin. Besides, men will ever recount thy ill-fame, and for one who has been honored ill-fame is worse than death. The great warriors will think that thou hast abstained from battle through fear, and they by whom thou was highly esteemed will make light of thee. Either slain thou shalt go to heaven or victorious thou shalt enjoy the earth, therefore, arise, O Son of Kunti, resolve the battle as your Kshatriya dharma.

(Shri Krishna to Arjun in the Bhagavad Gita, Chapter 2, verse 31–37)

The Etymology

The word Kshatriya is derived from a Sanskrit word “Kshatra” which means dominion, government, administration, power, or rule. The root of the word “Kshatriya” is “Kshi” which means to rule or govern. They were the class or...

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Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Smith BK (1998) Reflections on resemblance, ritual, and religion. Motilal Banarsidass, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Klostermaier K (2007) A survey of Hinduism, 3rd edn. State University of New York press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Doniger W (2009) The Hindus, an alternative history. The Penguin press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rosen S (2006) Essential Hinduism. Praeger publication, Westport/LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kshatriyas. New World Encyclopedia, 23 Jan 2018, 21:11 UTC. 25 Jul 2018, 06:30 http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/p/index.php?title=Kshatriyas&oldid=1009080
  6. 6.
    Singh U (2008) A history of ancient and early medieval India: from the stone age to the 12th century. Pearson Education, NoidaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bandyopadhyaya J (2007) Class and religion in ancient India. Anthem Press, London, pp 37–47Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Foothill CollegeLos Altos HillsUSA