Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Pakistan

  • Sofia Shakil
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_578-1

Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world with a population of 207 million GDP of 278,913 billion. The country is divided into four provincial territories, namely, Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan, and regions including the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Gilgit-Baltistan, and Azad Jammu Kashmir. The national language spoken is Urdu along with English, the official language, by majority of the population.

Higher Education System Development

In 1947 at the time of independence, Pakistan had one teaching university – Punjab University in Lahore – that had a student enrolment of 644. At this time, the National Education Conference formed several committees including adult education directed toward higher education (HE). This committee aimed to make all adults literate and establish a permanent system closely linked with compulsory primary education. The second university established was the University of Sindh functioning as an examining body...
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.East Asia Regional Department, Asian Development BankManilaPhilippines

Section editors and affiliations

  • Rui Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Policy, Administration and Social Sciences EducationThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong