Higher Education Systems and Institutions, India

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_543-1

India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories. It is the seventh-largest country by area, is the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and is considered to be an emerging global superpower given its rapidly expanding economy and demographic trends (IBEF 2010–18).

The Indian economy is ranked as the world’s seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Over 65% of India’s population is below 35 years, and by 2020, India is predicted to have the largest tertiary-age population in the world and the second largest graduate talent pipeline globally, following China and ahead of the USA (British Council 2014). The Indian government thus recognizes higher education and skills development as a policy sector vital for realizing India’s “demographic dividend” (Department of Higher Education 2016b).

Higher...

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Related Websites

  1. All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE). https://www.aicte-india.org/.
  2. Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR). http://icssr.org/.
  3. International Cooperation Cell, Department of Higher Education. http://mhrd.gov.in/international-cooperation-cell.
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.York UniversityTorontoCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Rui Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Policy, Administration and Social Sciences EducationThe University of Hong KongPokfulamHong Kong