Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Sultanate of Oman
HE System Development
Oman is a developing country, situated in the Middle East. It is one of the six Arab Gulf States, bordering with the United Arab Emirates, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Iran. Since 1970, when His Majesty the Sultan Qaboos became the Sultan, Oman has witnessed major reform in all aspects of development. Before 1970, there were only three schools and no higher education system at all. Since then, oil and gas, as the main contributors in the Omani economy, has made the Omani government to invest heavily in education. The Omani population is around 4.5 million (2.5 Omanis, 2 expatriates), in a land area of 309,980 km2.
It is important to mention that the Omani higher education system started officially with the establishment of Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) in 1986. Indeed, SQU is the only public university till now and regarded as the premier university carrying His Majesty’s name. Before that, between 1970s and 1980s, the Omani government runs colleges...
- Al’Abri, K. 2015. Higher education policy architecture and policy-making in the Sultanate of Oman: Towards a critical understanding. Doctoral dissertation, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.Google Scholar
- Al’Abri, K. 2016. Internationalization of higher education in Oman: Practices of affiliation and accreditation. The European Conference on Educational Research (ECER), Ireland, Dublin, 23–26 August.Google Scholar
- Carroll, M., and J. Palermo. 2006. Increasing national capability for quality higher education the case of the Sultanate of Oman. Paper presented at the 2006 Australasian Association for Institutional Research annual forum, Coffs Harbour.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Legal Affairs. 2012. Royal Decree 48/2012, Establishing the Education Council and its system. Official Gazette, 984.Google Scholar
- The Education Council. 2017. The annual report of education in Oman. Muscat: Author.Google Scholar
- The National Center for Statistics and Information. 2017. Higher education statistics. Muscat: Author.Google Scholar