Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Sudan

  • Gasim BadriEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_472-1

Historical Background

The Republic of the Sudan is situated in the North Eastern part of Africa. Its area is 1,865,813 square kilometres making it the third largest country in Africa and the Arab countries and the 16th in the world.

Sudan is a multiethnic, multilingual, and multireligious country with a population of around 42 million people.

Sudan achieved its independence in 1956 from the British and Egyptian rule, what used to be known as the Anglo Egyptian Sudan (1898–1956). It was the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve Independence.

Sudan is primarily an agriculture country with nearly 80% of its population engaged in agriculture and pastoral activities. Since the late 1990s, oil and minerals, especially gold, began to contribute to the Sudanese economy. However, agriculture and animal husbandry remain the backbone of the Sudanese economy.

Modern education system in the Sudan was introduced by the British Colonial Administration with the opening in 1902 of the Gordon...

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  1. General Directorate of Admission, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. 2018. Khartoum.Google Scholar
  2. Mohamamed Omer Beshir. 1969. Educational development in the Sudan 1898–1956. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
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  4. Zain, A., and A. Ibrahim. 2007. A Hundred Years of The University of Khartoum The Making of A University 1902–2002, Printing Press University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ahfad University for WomenOmdurmanSudan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Goolam Mohamedbhai
    • 1
  • Patricio Langa
    • 2
  1. 1.Rose-HillMauritius
  2. 2.Centre for Adult and Continuing EducationUniversity of the Western CapeCape TownSouth Africa