Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Albania

  • Myqerem TafajEmail author
  • Arjan Shahini
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_422-1

Higher Education System Development in Albania

With a population of about 2.9 million (INSTAT 2018), Albania is one of the smallest countries in Southeast Europe. The country proclaimed its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1912. After the Second World War, Albania became part of the Eastern Bloc. The totalitarian communist regime, supported in the beginning by the Soviet Union and later by the People’s Republic of China, ruled the country until 1991. The first democratic elections were conducted in March 1991. In the last 10 years of the communist rule and during the transition, the country was afflicted by a deep economic crisis. Now Albania is an upper-middle income country with a GDP per capita of 4,600 US$ (or 12,021 in international dollars at PPP). The economy is characterized by low competitiveness, relatively low labor cost and low-technology activities (World Bank 2018; SCIMAGO 2013, 1212).

The first Albanian higher education institution was a 2-year pedagogical...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departament of Agriculture and EnvironmentAgricultural University of TiranaTiranaAlbania
  2. 2.Martin Luther University of Halle-WittenbergHalleGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Barbara M. Kehm
    • 1
  1. 1.Leibniz Centre for Science and SocietyUniversität HannoverHannoverGermany