Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pedro Teixeira (Editor-in-Chief), Jung Cheol Shin (Editor-in-Chief)

Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Belgium

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_390-1

Higher Education System Development

In 1830, Belgium became an independent unitary and centralized state. The 1831 Constitution was gradually reformed between 1970 and 1993 to develop a federal system. Today, Belgium is a federal state composed of three communities and three regions. The communities are the Flemish (“Vlaanderen”), French (“Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles”), and German Community (“Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgiens”). The regions are the Flemish Region, the Walloon Region, and the Brussels-Capital Region. The regions and communities have their own legislative and executive bodies. However, the parliament and government of the Flemish Region and of the Flemish Community have merged, so that the Flemish part of Belgium now has one single Flemish parliament and one single Flemish government.

There is no strict hierarchy between the three policy levels (federal, community, region), but there is a division of competences. The Regions are in charge of economic policy,...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of EuropeBrugesBelgium
  2. 2.Tilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  3. 3.HSEMoscowRussia
  4. 4.Leuven Centre for Public LawLeuvenBelgium

Section editors and affiliations

  • Barbara M. Kehm
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Education, Robert Owen Centre for Educational ChangeUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK