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The Wetland Book pp 1269-1278 | Cite as

Surface Water and the Maintenance of Hydrological Regimes

  • Jörg Helmschrot
Reference work entry

Abstract

Wetlands provide essential ecosystem functions and services which are mostly influenced by the specifics of its hydrological regime. Reflecting the spatio-temporal pattern of inflow, storage and outflow of water of a specific wetland, the wetland regime varies with the specific wetland type and the given, often interacting, environmental conditions. In order to remediate, mitigate and prevent human and climate change impacts, the majority of efforts to maintain or restore the hydrological regime focus on the stabilization of water flow dynamics.

Keywords

Hydrological regime Hydrological functioning Wetland types Human impact Wetland restoration Frequency Timing Extent 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SASSCAL Regional Secretariat, Directorate of Science and Technology and Capacity DevelopmentSouthern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management (SASSCAL)Eros WindhoekNamibia

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