The Wetland Book pp 1253-1260 | Cite as

Wetland Pest and Disease Regulation

  • Ruth CromieEmail author
Reference work entry


Wetlands are a source of health through a range of provisions yet can also be a source of ill-health in the form of exposures to intoxicants, pathogens and parasites, and invertebrate disease vectors. Wetlands have a number of characteristic which put them at specific risk of disease emergence and a broad range of anthropogenic drivers are creating conditions that exacerbate the disease risks in and around wetlands. Many wetland types, including constructed treatment wetlands, can regulate pollutants, pests and disease agents; biodiversity in itself can help to buffer against disease emergence. For specific threats such as vector-borne diseases, there are a range of targeted management actions that can be undertaken. More broadly, taking an ecosystem approach to health in wetlands reduces a wide range of risks and promotes health across the board.


Pest regulation Disease Pathogens Parasites Management Vectors Health 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Head of Ecosystem HealthWildfowl and Wetlands Trust (WWT)SlimbridgeUK

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