The Wetland Book pp 1239-1243 | Cite as

Tsunamis and Wetland Management

  • Robert J. McInnesEmail author
Reference work entry


A tsunami (literally Japanese for “harbour wave”) is a series of ocean waves generated by sudden displacements in the sea floor through landslides or volcanic activity. In the deep ocean, the tsunami wave may only be a few centimetres high but as the tsunami wave approaches the shore it may increase in height to become a fast moving wall of turbulent water in excess of 10 m high. Although a tsunami cannot be prevented, the impact of a tsunami can be mitigated through community preparedness, timely warnings, effective responses and, in some situations, the management of coastal wetlands.


Regulating ecosystem service Coastal wetlands Disaster management Tsunami 


  1. Alongi DM. Mangrove forests: resilience, protection from tsunamis, and responses to global climate change. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci. 2008;76(1):1–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baird A. Myth of green belts. Samudra Report. 2006;44:14–9.Google Scholar
  3. Costanza R, Farley J. Ecological economics of coastal disasters: introduction to the special issue. Ecol Econ. 2007;63:249–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dahdouh-Guebas F, Jayatissa LP, Di Nitto D, Bosire JO, Lo Seen D, Koedam N. How effective were mangroves as a defence against the recent tsunami? Curr Biol. 2005;15(12):443–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kathiresan K, Rajendran N. Coastal mangrove forests mitigated tsunami. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci. 2005;65:601–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Marois DE, Mitsch WJ. Coastal protection from tsunamis and cyclones provided by mangrove wetlands – a review. Int J Biodivers Sci Ecosyst Serv Manag. 2015;11(1):71–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Möller I, Kudella M, Rupprecht F, Spencer T, Paul M, van Wesenbeeck BK, et al. Wave attenuation over coastal salt marshes under storm surge conditions. Nat Geosci. 2014;7(10):727–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Newell RI, Koch EW. Modeling seagrass density and distribution in response to changes in turbidity stemming from bivalve filtration and seagrass sediment stabilization. Estuaries. 2004;27(5):793–806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Paling EI, Kobryn HT, Humphreys G. Assessing the extent of mangrove change caused by Cyclone Vance in the eastern Exmouth Gulf, northwestern Australia. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci. 2008;77:603–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Spalding MD, McIvor AL, Beck MW, Koch EW, Moller I, Reed DJ, Rubinoff P, Spencer TE, Tolhurst TJ, Wamsley TV, van Wesenbeeck BK, Wolanski E, Woodroffe CD. Coastal ecosystems: a critical element of risk reduction. Conserv Lett. 2014a;7(3):293–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Spalding MD, McIvor A, Tonneijck FH, Tol S, van Eijk P. Mangroves for coastal defence. Guidelines for coastal managers & policy makers. Wetlands International/The Nature Conservancy; 2014b. University of Cambridge: Cambridge, UK, 42 p.Google Scholar
  12. Wolanski E. Thematic paper: synthesis of the protective functions of coastal forests and trees against natural hazards. In: Coastal protection in the aftermath of the Indian Ocean tsunami. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific; 2006. Bangkok: Thailand, pp. 161–184.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RM Wetlands and Environment LtdLittleworth, OxfordshireUK

Personalised recommendations