Advertisement

The Wetland Book pp 1113-1124 | Cite as

Sustainable Use of Papyrus from Lake Victoria, Kenya

  • Anne A. van Dam
  • Julius Kipkemboi
Reference work entry

Abstract

Cyperus papyrus-dominated wetlands in eastern and southern Africa are important for millions of people because of their provisioning ecosystem services (food, water, materials, medicines) but also because of regulating services (e.g., water and nutrient retention, climate regulation), cultural services (heritage of wetland communities, importance for science and tourism), and biodiversity. Papyrus wetlands are under pressure from agricultural and urban development. Freshwater and food production are important, but sustainable management strategies are needed to protect regulating services and biodiversity. This chapter summarizes current uses of papyrus wetlands in the East African region and identifies natural and human-induced factors affecting these. To achieve sustainable management, more awareness of regulating ecosystem services and more quantitative methods for assessing them are needed. This will allow better estimation of the value of papyrus ecosystem services and better evaluation of trade-offs with conversion to other uses.

References

  1. Boar RR, Harper DM. Magnetic susceptibilities of lake sediment and soils on the shoreline of Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia. 2002;488:81–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chale FMM. Effects of Cyperus papyrus L. swamp on domestic wastewater. Aquat Bot. 1985;23:185–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cohen MJ, Brown MT, Shepherd KD. Estimating the environmental costs of soil erosion at multiple scales in Kenya using emergy synthesis. Agric Ecosyst Environ. 2006;114:249–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Darwall, W.R.T., Smith, K.G., Allen, D.J., Holland, R.A., Harrison, I.J. and Brooks, E.G.E. (eds.) (2011). The diversity of life in African freshwaters: under water, under threat. An analysis of the status and distribution of freshwater species throughout mainland Africa. Cambridge, UK/Gland: iIUCN.Google Scholar
  5. Finlayson CM. Forty years of wetland conservation and wise use. Aquat Conserv Mar Freshwat Ecosyst. 2012;22:139–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gaudet JJ. Papyrus – the plant that changed the world – from ancient Egypt to today’s water wars. New York: Pegasus Books; 2014. 300pp.Google Scholar
  7. Hes EMA, Niu R, Van Dam AA. A simulation model for nitrogen cycling in natural rooted papyrus wetlands in East Africa. Wetl Ecol Manag 2014; 22:157–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Kansiime F, Nalubega M. Wastewater treatment by a natural wetland: the Nakivubo Swamp Uganda: processes and implications. PhD-thesis. Delft: IHE-Delft/Delft University of Technology; 1999.Google Scholar
  9. Kelderman P, Kansiime F, Tola MA, van Dam AA. The role of sediments for phosphorous retention in the Kirinya wetland (Uganda). Wetl Ecol Manag. 2007;15:481–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kibwage JK, Onyango PO, Bakamwesiga H. Local institutions for sustaining wetland resources and community livelihoods in the Lake Victoria basin. Afr J Environ Sci Technol. 2008;2:97–106.Google Scholar
  11. Kipkemboi J, Kilonzi CM, van Dam AA, Kitaka N, Mathooko JM, Denny P. Enhancing the fish production potential of Lake Victoria papyrus wetlands, Kenya, using seasonal flood-dependent ponds. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2010;18(4):471–83.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-010-9180-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Loiselle SA, Azza N, Cozar A, Bracchini L, Tognazzi A, Dattilo A, Rossi C. Variabillity in factors causing light attenuation in Lake Victoria. Freshwat Biol. 2008;53:535–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Maclean IMD, Bird JP, Hassall M. Papyrus swamp drainage and the conservation status of their avifauna. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2014;22:115–27.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-013-9292-8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems and human well-being: wetlands and water synthesis. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; 2005.Google Scholar
  15. Mohamed YA. The Nile hydroclimatology: impact of the Sudd wetland. PhD thesis, UNESCO-IHE Institute for water Education/Delft University of Technology; 2005, 129pp.Google Scholar
  16. Muthuri FM, Jones MB. Nutrient distribution in a papyrus swamp, Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Aquat Bot. 1997;56:35–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mwanuzi F, Aalderink H, Mdamo L. Simulation of pollution buffering capacity of wetlands fringing the Lake Victoria. Environ Int. 2003;29:95–103.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Osumba JJL, Okeyo-Owuor JB, Raburu PO. Effect of harvesting on temporal papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) biomass regeneration potential among swamps in Winam Gulf wetlands of Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2010;18(3):333–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Owino AO, Ryan PG. Recent papyrus swamp habitat loss and conservation implications in western Kenya. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2007;15:1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rebelo LM, McCartney MP, Finlayson CM. Wetlands of Sub-Saharan Africa: distribution and contribution of agriculture to livelihoods. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2010;18:557–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rongoei PJK, Kipkemboi J, Okeyo-Owuor JB, van Dam AA. Ecosystem services and drivers of change in Nyando floodplain wetland, Kenya. Afr J Environ Sci Technol. 2013;7:274–91.Google Scholar
  22. Rongoei PJK, Kipkemboi J, Kariuki ST, van Dam AA. Effects of water depth and livelihoodactivities on plant species composition and diversity in Nyando floodplain wetland, Kenya. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2014;22:177–89.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-013-9313-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Russi D, ten Brink P, Farmer A, Badura T, Coates D, Förster J, Kumar R, Davidson N. The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity for water and wetlands. London/Brussels/Gland: IEEP/Ramsar Secretariat; 2013.Google Scholar
  24. Saunders MJ, Jones MB, Kansiime F. Carbon and water cycles in tropical papyrus wetlands. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2007;15:489–98.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-007-9051-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Saunders MJ, Kansiime F, Jones MB. Reviewing the carbon cycle dynamics and carbon sequestration potential of Cyperus papyrus L. wetlands in tropical Africa. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2014;22:143–55.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-013-9314-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sutcliffe JV, Parks YP. Comparative water balances of selected African Wetlands. J Hydrol Sci. 1989;34(1,2):49–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. TEEB. The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity: mainstreaming the economics of nature: a synthesis of the approach, conclusions and recommendations of TEEB. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Program. 2010. http://www.teebweb.org. Accessed 29 Sept 2014.
  28. Terer T, Triest L, Muthama MA. Effects of harvesting Cyperus papyrus in undisturbed wetland, Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Hydrobiologia. 2012;680(1):135–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Thompson K. Swamp development in the headwaters of the White Nile. In: Rzoska J, editor. The Nile, biology of an ancient river, Monographiae biologicae, vol. 29. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk; 1976. p. 177–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. van Dam AA, Kipkemboi J, Mazvimavi D, Irvine K. A synthesis of past, current and future research for protection and management of papyrus (Cyperus papyrus L.) wetlands in Africa. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2014.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-013-9335-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zaroug MAH, Sylla MB, Giorgi F, Eltahir EAB, Aggarwal PK. A sensitivity study on the role of the swamps of southern Sudan in the summer climate of North Africa using a regional climate model. Theor Appl Climatol. 2012.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00704-012-0751-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zsuffa I, van Dam AA, Kaggwa RC, Namaalwa S, Mahieu M, Cools J, Johnston R. Towards decision support-based integrated management planning of papyrus wetlands: a case study from Uganda. Wetl Ecol Manag. 2014;22:199–213.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-013-9329-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aquatic Ecosystems Group, Department of Water Science and Engineering, UNESCO-IHE, Institue for Water EducationDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Egerton UniversityNjoro NakuruKenya

Personalised recommendations