Monocotyledons pp 859-862 | Cite as


  • U. EggliEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants book series (SUCCPLANTS)


A diagnostic description of the genus is given with special emphasis on the occurrence of succulence amongst its species. The geographical distribution is outlined, together with a selection of important literature, and an explanation of the etymology of the name. This is followed by a short summary of its position in the phylogeny of the family and of the past and present classification in a phylogenetic context. The succulent features present amongst the species of the genus are shortly explained as to morphology and anatomy.

This is followed by a synoptical treatment of the succulent species of the genus, complete with typification details, full synonymy, geographical and ecological data, a diagnostic description, and, where applicable, notes on phylogenetic placement and relationships, as well as economic and/or horticultural importance.


  1. Barros, J. V. de. & Costa, A. F. da (2008) O gênero Billbergia Thunb. (Bromeliceae) no Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Acta Bot. Brasil. 22(4): 1172–1192, key, ills.
  2. Evans, T. M. [& al. 2015], Jabaily, R. S., Gelli de Faria, A. P., Oliveira F. de Sousa, L. de, Wendt, T. & Brown, G. K. (2015) Phylogenetic relationships in Bromeliaceae subfamily Bromelioideae based on chloroplast DNA sequence data. Syst. Bot. 40(1): 116–128.
  3. Fagundes, N. F. & Mariath, J. E. D. (2010) Morphoanatomy and ontogeny of fruit in Bromeliaceae species. Acta Bot. Brasil. 24(3): 765–779, ills.
  4. Gaiotto F. D. [& al. 2010], Capuano T., R. & Cervi, A. C. (2010) O gênero Billbergia Thunberg (Bromeliaceae) no Estado do Paraná, Brasil. Fontqueria 56(11): 81–100, key, ills.
  5. Guillot Ortiz, D. [& al. 2016], Ferrer-Gallego, P. P. & Laguna Lumbreras, E. (2016) Nuevas citas sobre flora alóctona de origen ornamental en la Comunidad Valenciana. Bouteloua 24: 70–77, ills.Google Scholar
  6. Klein V., L. F. & Klein, J. (2013) Die Bromelien in den atlantischen Wäldern der Nord-Ost-Küste von Rio Grande do Sul/Brasilien — Teil 1/Teil 2/Teil 3. The Bromeliads in the Atlantic forest of the northeast coast of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil — part 1/part 2/part 3. Bromelie 2013(1): 8–17, (2): 74–81, (3): 144–154, ills.Google Scholar
  7. Machado, T. M. [& al. 2016], Forzza, R. C. & Stehmann, J. R. (2016) Bromeliaceae from Caparaó National Park, Minas Gerais/Espírito Santo states, Brazil, with notes on distribution and conservation. Oecol. Australis 20(2): 133–146, ills.
  8. Pereira, T. A. R. [& al. 2011], Oliveira, T. S. de, Silva, L. C. da & Azevedo, A. A. (2011) Comparative leaf anatomy of four species of Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae) occurring in the Atlantic Forest, Brazil. Botany 89(4): 243–253, ills.
  9. Rauh, W. (1990) Bromelien. Ed. 3. Stuttgart (DE): Verlag Eugen Ulmer.Google Scholar
  10. Reitz, R. (1983) Bromeliáceas e a malária-bromélia endémica. In: Reitz, R. (ed.): Flora ilustrada catarinense, I parte as plantas, fascículo BROM. Itajaí (BR): Herbario “Barbosa Rodrigues”.Google Scholar
  11. Roguenant, A. [& al. 2016], Lecoufle, M. & Raynal-Roques, A. (2016) Les Broméliacées. Approche panoramique d’une grand famille “américaine”. Paris (FR): Belin.Google Scholar
  12. Sass, C. & Specht, C. D. (2010) Phylogenetic estimation of the core Bromelioids with an emphasis on the genus Aechmea (Bromeliaceae). Molec. Phylogen. Evol. 55: 559–571. Scholar
  13. Smith, L. B. & Downs, R. J. (1979) Flora Neotropica. Monograph No. 14 [Bromeliaceae]. Part 3: Bromelioideae. New York (US): Hafner Press & New York Botanical Garden.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sukkulenten-Sammlung ZürichGrün Stadt ZürichZürichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations