Advertisement

Monocotyledons pp 819-821 | Cite as

Kniphofia ASPHODELACEAE

  • G. F. SmithEmail author
  • E. Figueiredo
Reference work entry
  • 5 Downloads
Part of the Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants book series (SUCCPLANTS)

Abstract

A diagnostic description of the genus is given with special emphasis on the occurrence of succulence amongst its species. The geographical distribution is outlined, together with a selection of important literature, and an explanation of the etymology of the name. This is followed by a short summary of its position in the phylogeny of the family and of the past and present classification in a phylogenetic context. The succulent features present amongst the species of the genus are shortly explained as to morphology and anatomy.

This is followed by a synoptical treatment of the succulent species of the genus, complete with typification details, full synonymy, geographical and ecological data, a diagnostic description, and, where applicable, notes on phylogenetic placement and relationships, as well as economic and/or horticultural importance.

References

  1. Baker, J. G. (1896) Liliaceae. In: Thiselton-Dyer, W. T. (ed.): Flora Capensis; 6(2): 253–384. London (GB): L. Reeve & Co. http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/712288
  2. Berger, A. (1908) LiliaceaeAsphodeloideaeAloineae. In: Engler, A. (ed.): Das Pflanzenreich IV.38 (Heft 33). Leipzig (DE): Wilhelm Engelmann. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/72397#/
  3. Codd, L. E. (1967) The status of the genus Notosceptrum Benth. (Liliaceae). Bot. Not. 120: 41–45.Google Scholar
  4. Codd, L. E. (1968) The South African species of Kniphofia. Bothalia 9(3–4): 363–513.  https://doi.org/10.4102/abc.v9i3/4.1790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Codd, L. E. (2005) Kniphofia. In: Germishuizen, G. & Momberg, B. A. (eds.): Flora of southern Africa, 5(1: Fasc. 2): Asphodelaceae (first part). Pretoria (ZA): South African National Biodiversity Institute.Google Scholar
  6. Kativu, S. (1996) Asphodelaceae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. Kirkia 16: 27–53.Google Scholar
  7. Kativu, S. (2001) Asphodelaceae. In: Pope, G. V. (ed.): Flora Zambesiaca; 12(3): 25–48, keys. Richmond (GB): Royal Botanic Gardens Kew.Google Scholar
  8. Marais, W. (1973) A revision of the tropical species of Kniphofia (Liliaceae). Kew Bull. 28: 465–483.  https://doi.org/10.2307/4108891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ramdhani, S., Barker, N. P. & Baijnath, H. (2006) Phylogenetics of the genus Kniphofia Moench (Asphodelaceae). In: Ghazanfar, S. A. & Beentje, H. J. (eds.): Taxonomy and Ecology of African Plants: their conservation and sustainable use (Proceedings of the 17th AETFAT Congress); pp. 559–573. Richmond (GB): Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
  10. Ramdhani, S., Barker, N. P. & Baijnath, H. (2009) Rampant non-monophyly of species in Kniphofia Moench (Asphodelaceae) suggests a recent Afromontane radiation. Taxon 58: 1141–1152. https://www.jstor.org/stable/27757008
  11. Smith, G. F. [& al. 1997], Jaarsveld, E. J. van, Arnold, T. H., Steffens, F. E., Dixon, R. D. & Retief, J. A. (eds.) (1997) List of Southern African succulent plants. Pretoria (ZA): Umdaus Press.Google Scholar
  12. Whitehouse, C. M. (2002) Asphodelaceae. In: Beentje, H. J. (ed.): Flora of Tropical East Africa. (Rotterdam (NL)/Brookfield (US): A. A. Balkema.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BotanyNelson Mandela UniversityPort ElizabethSouth Africa
  2. 2.Centre for Functional Ecology, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Calçada Martim de FreitasUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

Personalised recommendations