Monocotyledons pp 461-462 | Cite as

Zamioculcas ARACEAE

  • J. Bogner
Reference work entry
Part of the Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants book series (SUCCPLANTS)


A diagnostic description of the genus is given with special emphasis on the occurrence of succulence amongst its species. The geographical distribution is outlined, together with a selection of important literature, and an explanation of the etymology of the name. This is followed by a short summary of its position in the phylogeny of the family and of the past and present classification in a phylogenetic context. The succulent features present amongst the species of the genus are shortly explained as to morphology and anatomy.

This is followed by a synoptical treatment of the succulent species of the genus, complete with typification details, full synonymy, geographical and ecological data, a diagnostic description, and, where applicable, notes on phylogenetic placement and relationships, as well as economic and/or horticultural importance.


  1. Barabé, D. & Forget, S. (1989) Anatomie des fleurs fertiles et stériles de Zamioculcas (Araceae). Bull. Mus. Nation. Hist. Nat., Sect. B, Adansonia 10(4): 411–419, ills.
  2. Chen, J. J. & Henny, R. J. (2003) ZZ: A unique tropical ornamental foliage plant. HortTechnol. 13(3): 458–462, ills.
  3. Haigh, A. & Boyce, P. C. (2012) Araceae. In: Timberlake, J. R. & Martins, E. S. (eds.): Flora Zambesiaca, Volume 12, part 1; pp. 1–52, ills., keys. Richmond (GB): Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, for Flora Zambesiaca Managing Committee.Google Scholar
  4. Hesse, M. [& al. 2001], Bogner, J., Halbritter, H. & Weber, M. (2001) Palynology of the perigoniate Aroideae: Zamioculcas, Gonatopus and Stylochaeton (Araceae). Grana 40(1–2): 26–34. Scholar
  5. Holtum, J. A. M. [& al. 2007], Winter, K., Weeks, M. A. & Sexton, T. R. (2007) Crassulacean Acid Metabolism in the ZZ plant, Zamioculcas zamiifolia (Araceae). Amer. J. Bot. 94(10): 1670–1676. Scholar
  6. Obermeyer, A. A. & Strey, R. G. (1969) Zamioculcas zamiifolia. Flow. Pl. Afr. 40(1–2): t. 1562 + 3 pp. text.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Bogner
    • 1
  1. 1.GersthofenGermany

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