Encyclopedia of Continuum Mechanics

Living Edition
| Editors: Holm Altenbach, Andreas Öchsner

Drucker, Daniel Charles

  • Holm AltenbachEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53605-6_329-1
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Daniel Charles Drucker (June 3, 1918 in New York, USA; †September 1, 2001 in Gainesville, Florida, USA) was a civil and mechanical engineer and academic, who served as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in the year 1973–1974 and as president of the American Academy of Mechanics in 1981–1982

Open image in new window Daniel Charles Drucker

Education

Daniel C. Drucker started his engineering career as a student at Columbia University since his father Moses Abraham Drucker was a civil engineer. His ambition was to design bridges, and he obtained his BSc in civil engineering in 1938. As a student he met Raymond D. Mindlin who was later a founding member and president of the Society for Experimental Stress Analysis (now known as the Society for Experimental Mechanics). Mindlin offered Drucker to prepare a PhD thesis under his supervision. In 1940 he submitted the thesis “Stress analysis by three-dimensional photoelastic methods" and was graduated in mechanical engineering at Columbia University.

Professional Career

Drucker taught at Cornell University from 1940 to 1943 and at Brown University from 1946 to 1968. One of his PhD students in the last one university was George Dvorak (1969). After that he joined the University of Illinois as Dean of Engineering. In 1984 he became a graduate research professor at the University of Florida (retired in 1994).

Scientific Achievements

Drucker’s main contributions were to theory of plasticity. He suggested the concept of material stability described by stability postulates (named after Drucker, 1959) and together with William Prager a yield criterion (Drucker and Prager, 1952).

Honors

Daniel C. Drucker was awarded by Theodore von Kármán Medal (1966), William Prager Medal (1983), Timoshenko Medal (1983), John Fritz Medal (1985), National Medal of Science (1988), ASME Medal (1992), and the first Drucker Medal (1998). He was elected as a member of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was a Doctor honoris causa of the Brown University, Technion, and University of Illinois.

Other Activities

Twelve years he served as the editor of the Journal of Applied Mechanics (American Society of Mechanical Engineers).

Cross-References

References

  1. Drucker DC (1959) A definition of stable inelastic material. Trans ASME J Appl Mech 26(1):101–106MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Drucker DC, Prager W (1952) Soil mechanics and plastic analysis or limit design. Q Appl Math 10(2):157–165MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fakultät für Maschinenbau, Institut für MechanikOtto-von-Guericke-Universität MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Holm Altenbach
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für Maschinenbau, Institut für MechanikOtto-von-Guericke-Universität MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany