Paul Germain (∗August 28, 1920, in Saint-Malo, France; †February 26, 2009, in Châtillon, France) was a scientist in aerodynamics and continuum mechanics. He made his first important contributions in the field of hypersonic and transonic flows. He used asymptotic methods to study the structure of shock waves. His application of the method of virtual powers opened the way to the rational derivation of higher-order gradient theories in Continuum Mechanics. He is also known for his personal views on continuum thermodynamics.
Open image in new window Paul Germain (Image courtesy: Paul Germain’s family)
Family and Education
Paul Germain was born in Saint-Malo (France), a seaside city in Brittany not far from Mont-Saint-Michel. He spent his childhood in Rennes, the capital of Brittany. His father, a chemist and high school teacher most appreciated by his students, was an educated person. Unfortunately he had been gassed during World War I, and he passed away when Paul was only 9 years old....
- Germain P (1949) La théorie générale des mouvements coniques et ses applications à l’aérodynamique supersonique. Ph.D thesis, Sorbonne University, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Germain P (1954) New applications of Tricomi solutions to transonic flow. In: Proceedings of the 2nd US national congress of applied mechanics, Ann Arbor, pp 659–666Google Scholar
- Germain P (1955) The general theory of conical motions with applications to supersonic aerodynamics. Technical Report 1554, NACA, English translation of his thesisGoogle Scholar
- Germain P (1972) Shock waves: jump relations and structure. In: Yih CS (ed) Advances in applied mechanics, vol 11. Academic Press, New York, pp 132–194Google Scholar
- Germain P (1973a) Cours de Mécanique des Milieux Continus. Tome I: Théorie générale. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar
- Noll W (1997) The role of the professor. Carnegie-Mellon University. http://www.math.cmu.edu/~wn0g/RP.pdf