Encyclopedia of Continuum Mechanics

Living Edition
| Editors: Holm Altenbach, Andreas Öchsner

Effect of Temperature on Mechanical Properties of Polymers

Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53605-6_269-2


Polymer is a substance consisting of macromolecules of different lengths, which have long sequence of one or more groups of monomeric units (small molecules) linked together with primary or covalent chemical bond.

Time-dependent mechanical property is characteristic of a polymer (or any other viscoelastic material) that interrelates cause in the form of stress or strain and time-dependent response in the form of increasing strain or decaying stress.

Viscoelastic behavior refers to the viscoelastic response of material under the application of an external load, which is combination of time-independent elastic or “solid” like as well as time-dependent viscous or “liquid” like response, meaning that material undergoes time-dependent changes in strain or stress.


The use of polymers as engineering materials has significantly increased in the past decades. Their increased usage is the result of better engineering, economic and environmental properties that can...

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The authors acknowledge the programme P2-0264 “Sustainable Polymer Materials and Technologies” financially supported by the Slovenian Research Agency.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Sergey Alexandrov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Problems in MechanicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia