CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Chatter Prediction

  • Michael F. ZaehEmail author
Reference work entry



The term chatter prediction describes a range of simulation methods, which are used to predict chatter vibrations (instabilities). These methods are based on the dynamic compliance of the machine tool structure as well as on the dynamics of the machining process. The whole machine behavior can be expressed in terms of mathematical descriptions (coupled structure-process models), from which stability lobe diagrams can be derived.

Theory and Application


In the context of chatter prediction, chatter describes a self-excited vibration occurring during a metal-cutting machining process. Its vibration frequency is close to the eigenfrequency of the most compliant eigenmode of the excited machine structure. According to Totis (2009), chatter can be classified as primary or secondary. Primary chatter (e.g., friction on contact surfaces, stress distribution on the normal rake face, thermoplastic behavior of the chip material, and mode...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.iwb – Institut fuer Werkzeugmaschinen und BetriebswissenschaftenTechnical University of MuenchenMunichGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garret O'Donnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland