CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Cemented Carbides

  • Markus GroppeEmail author
Reference work entry



The cemented carbides are a range of powder-metallurgical composite materials, which consist of hard carbide particles bonded together by a metallic binder (Sandvik Hard Materials 2012). The proportion of carbide phase is generally between 70% and 97% of the total weight of the composite and its grain size averages between 0.4 and 10 μm. In cemented carbides, these hard particles are mainly tungsten carbides (WC) compared to cermets (TiC, TaC, NiC) or ceramics where metal oxides or nitrites are used.

Theory and Application

Cemented carbide is one of the most successful composite engineered materials. Its unique combination of strength, hardness, and toughness satisfies the most demanding applications.


The development of this highly optimized cutting material is strongly connected to the history of the industrial manufacturing. First important invention which had very practical impact on the cutting technology was the...
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  1. DIN ISO 513:2005-11 (2005) Classification and application of hard cutting materials for metal removal with defined cutting edges: designation of the main groups and groups of application (ISO 513:2004). Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
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  3. Sandvik Hard Materials (1997) Understanding cemented carbide. Retrieved from$FILE/ATTYN87R/9100%20eng.pdf. Accessed 26 May 2013
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  5. Schröter K (1923) Verfahren zur Herstellung einer harten Schmelzlegierung für Arbeitswerkzeuge, insbesondere Ziehsteine [A hard fusible alloys production technique for craft-tools in particular drawing dies]. Deutsches Reichspatent [German Imperial Patent] No 498349AGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sandvik Coromant GmbHDüsseldorfGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garret O'Donnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland