CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Cleaner Production

  • Joost R. DuflouEmail author
  • Karel Kellens
Reference work entry



Cleaner production has been defined by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (UNEP 2012) as “the continuous application of an integrated preventative environmental strategy to processes, products and services to increase efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment” (UNEP/DTIE/SCP 1990).

Theory and Application

Functional performance and purchase price have long been the key selection criteria for the purchase of new machine tools. Today, an evolution toward environmentally benign manufacturing can be observed that is stimulated by three drivers: more stringent regulatory mandates and standards (e.g., ISO 14955-1 2014; ISO 50001 2011), competitive economic advantage, and proactive green behavior (Gutowski et al. 2005).

Several complementary techniques and measures toward cleaner production can be applied, ranging from low- or even no-cost solutions to...
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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringCentre for Industrial Management, KU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Section editors and affiliations

  • Wim Dewulf
    • 1
  1. 1.Science, Engineering and Technology GroupKU Leuwen, Department of Mechanical EngineeringLeuvenBelgium