CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Forming Tools (Die, Punch, Blank Holder)

  • Mathias LiewaldEmail author
Reference work entry



Device for giving shape to solid materials by mechanical means.

Theory and Application

Forming Tool: General Considerations

All forming methods can be regarded as a system reaching from a plasticity approach and metallurgical principles right up to questions of production (Fig. 1). The forming procedure, which is the central aspect, must be viewed in connection with the forming tool and press (Fig. 1).
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  1. Altan T, Ngalle G, Shen G (2010) Cold and hot forging: fundamentals and applications. ASM International, Materials ParkGoogle Scholar
  2. Schuler GmbH (1998) Metal forming handbook. Springer, Berlin/HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Metal Forming TechnologyUniversity of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Bernd-Arno Behrens
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Forming Technology and Machines (IFUM)Leibniz Universität Hannover (LUH)GarbsenGermany