CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio


  • Jan C. AurichEmail author
  • Christian Effgen
  • Benjamin Kirsch
Reference work entry


Grinding is defined as machining applying tools with a large number of geometrically undefined cutting edges with negative rake angles, which are composed of natural or synthetic abrasive material retained by a bonding material. The chip formation is characterized by a noncontinuous contact and a high relative velocity between the abrasive grains and the workpiece. The cutting motion is either linear or rotating.

Theory and Application


Grinding is a manufacturing process that belongs to the group of material removal processes. Material removal processes where a chip is formed can be subdivided into the groups of cutting processes and abrasive processes. Grinding differs from other abrasive processes such as honing, lapping, polishing, and blasting by the tools that are used, the depth of cut, and the kinematics during chip formation. The tools that are used for grinding are grinding wheels, pins, and belts, where the abrasive grains are retained in a bonding...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan C. Aurich
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Effgen
    • 2
  • Benjamin Kirsch
    • 1
  1. 1.FBK – Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Production SystemsUniversity of KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  2. 2.Günter Effgen GmbHHerrsteinGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Konrad Wegener
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Werkzeugmaschinen und Fertigung (IWF)ETH ZürichZürichSwitzerland