CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Corrosion

  • Nikolaos MichailidisEmail author
  • Homero Castaneda
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_16862

Synonyms

Definition

Corrosion is the degradation of the surface properties, most commonly appearing in metals and alloys, through a chemical and/or electrochemical interaction with the environment, converting matter into a more chemically stable form, such as oxide, hydroxide, or sulfide.

Theory and Application

Introduction

Corrosion is a surface-originated phenomenon, having though a strong impact on the service life of components and structures. Some of the major parameters affecting the corrosion performance of a surface are its inherent material properties and its potential to passivate, the type and aggressiveness of the environment, the operating temperature, the surface characteristics (roughness, texture, porosity), and the surface condition (manufacturing process, residual stresses) (Schulze et al. 2016; Stergioudi et al. 2016). In most of the used components, the presence of multi-effect...

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References

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Physical Metallurgy Laboratory (PML), Department of Mechanical EngineeringAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Center for Research and Development on Advanced Materials – CERDAMThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.National Corrosion and Materials Reliability LaboratoryTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Han Haitjema
    • 1
  1. 1.Mitutoyo RCEBestThe Netherlands