CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Calibration

  • Simone CarmignatoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_16754

Definition

Operation that, under specified conditions, in a first step, establishes a relation between the quantity values with measurement uncertainties provided by measurement standards and corresponding indications with associated measurement uncertainties and, in a second step, uses this information to establish a relation for obtaining a measurement result from an indication.
  • Note 1: A calibration may be expressed by a statement, calibration function, calibration diagram, calibration curve, or calibration table. In some cases, it may consist of an additive or multiplicative correction of the indication with associated measurement uncertainty.

  • Note 2: Calibration should not be confused with adjustment of a measuring system, often mistakenly called “self-calibration,” nor with verification of calibration.

  • Note 3: Often, the first step alone in the above definition is perceived as being calibration (JCGM 200:2012, Definition 2.39).

Theory and Application

Basic Concepts

According to...

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References

  1. European Association of National Metrology Institutes (EURAMET) (2008) Metrology – in short, 3rd edn. http://www.euramet.org/fileadmin/docs/Publications/Metrology_in_short_3rd_ed.pdf. Accessed 15 Apr 2014
  2. ILAC G24:2007 (2007) Guidelines for the determination of calibration intervals of measuring instruments. International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation. http://ilac.org/?ddownload=818. Accessed 15 April 2014.
  3. ILAC P10:01/2013 (2013) ILAC policy on traceability of measurement results. International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation. http://ilac.org/?ddownload=840. Accessed 15 Apr 2014
  4. ISO 14978:2006 (2006) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – general concepts and requirements for GPS measuring equipment. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  5. ISO 17025:2005 (2005) General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  6. ISO 9001:2008 (2008) Quality management systems – requirements. International Organization for Standardization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  7. JCGM 200:2012 (2012) International vocabulary of metrology – basic and general concepts and associated terms (VIM), 3rd edn. Joint Committee for Guides in Metrology. www.bipm.org/utils/common/documents/jcgm/JCGM_200_2012.pdf. Accessed 15 Apr 2014

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management and Engineering, University of PaduaVicenzaItaly