CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Surface Parameter

  • Han HaitjemaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-53120-4_16707

Synonyms

Definition

Parameter, defined as a number and a unit that characterizes an averaged dimensional property of a surface.

Theory and Application

Surfaces and Parameters

A surface can be characterized by many, many parameters. In fact, it is easier to define a new parameter than to come with a thorough analysis of the usefulness of the already existing parameters. Parameters are defined in many ISO standards (see references). They can be separated in 2-D and 3-D parameters, and further separation is possible in amplitude parameters, spacing parameters, hybrid parameters, parameters derived from integrated probability density curves, and topological parameters.

This section is confined to surface texture characterizing parameters. For the defined R (roughness) parameters, there are equivalent P (unfiltered profile) parameters and W (waviness) parameters that are defined for longer wavelength limits.

Roughness parameters naturally depend on the length scale...

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References

  1. Haitjema H (2015) Uncertainty in measurement of surface topography. Surf Topogr Metrol Prop 3(3):035004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Haitjema H, Morel M (2000) Traceable roughness measurements of products. In: De Chiffre L, Carneiro K (eds) Proceedings of the 1st Euspen topical conference on fabrication and metrology in nanotechnology, vol 2. Department of Manufacturing Engineering, TU Denmark, Copenhagen, pp 354–357Google Scholar
  3. ISO 12085 (1996) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – surface texture: profile method – motif parameters, ISO. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  4. ISO 1302 (2002) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – indication of surface texture in technical product documentation, ISO. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. ISO 13565-3 (1998) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – surface texture: profile method; surfaces having stratified functional properties – part 3: height characterization using the material probability curve, ISO. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  6. ISO 25178-2 (2012) Geometrical product specifications (GSP) – surface texture: areal part 2: terms, definitions and surface texture parameters, ISO. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  7. ISO 4287 (1997) Geometrical product specifications (GPS) – surface texture: profile method – terms, definitions and surface texture parameters, ISO. Beuth, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  8. Leach R, Haitjema H (2010) Bandwidth characteristics and comparisons of surface texture measuring instrument. Meas Sci Technol 21(3):032001CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mitutoyo RCEBestThe Netherlands
  2. 2.KU Leuven, Department of Mechanical EngineeringLeuvenBelgium

Section editors and affiliations

  • Han Haitjema
    • 1
  1. 1.Mitutoyo RCEBestThe Netherlands