CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Coevolution of Manufacturing Systems

  • Tullio TolioEmail author
  • Hoda A. ElMaraghy
  • Anna Valente
Reference work entry



The coevolution paradigm refers to the joint design, development, and management of products, processes, and production systems throughout their life cycles. These three entities are defined in the following consistent with the CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering:
  • Product is the output of the transformation made by a production system during execution of a process.

  • Process is the set of basic operations and logical procedures executed by the manufacturing (production) system to carry out a transformation resulting in obtaining a product.

  • Production (manufacturing) system is the set of resources, control logics, and management policies that allow performing a transformation to obtain a product by executing a process.

Theory and Application


Manufacturing is challenged worldwide by complex economic, sociopolitical, and technological dynamics having tremendous impact on strategies followed by...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tullio Tolio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hoda A. ElMaraghy
    • 2
  • Anna Valente
    • 3
  1. 1.ITIA Institute of Industrial Technologies and AutomationCNR National Research CouncilMilanItaly
  2. 2.Canada Research Chair in Manufacturing SystemsIntelligent Manufacturing Systems Centre, University of WindsorWindsorCanada
  3. 3.ISTePS, Institute of Systems and Technologies for Sustainable ProductionSUPSI- University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Italian SwitzerlandMannoItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Günther Schuh
    • 1
  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut für Rationalisierung (FIR) e. V.RWTH AachenAachenDeutschland