CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

2019 Edition
| Editors: Sami Chatti, Luc Laperrière, Gunther Reinhart, Tullio Tolio

Sustainable Manufacturing

  • Michael Z HauschildEmail author
  • David Dornfeld
  • Margot Hutchins
  • Sami Kara
  • Francesco Jovane
Reference work entry



Sustainable manufacturing has been defined by the International Trade Administration under the US Department of Commerce as “…the creation of manufactured products that use processes that minimize negative environmental impacts, conserve energy and natural resources, are safe for employees, communities, and consumers and are economically sound” (USDOC 2012). The US National Council for Advanced Manufacturing (NACFAM) contrasts this definition with the UN definition of a sustainable development given in the Brundtland report as a “Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”and extends the definition to address both the manufacturing of “sustainable” products and the sustainable manufacturing of all products, taking into account the full sustainability life cycle issues related to the products manufactured...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Z Hauschild
    • 1
    Email author
  • David Dornfeld
    • 2
  • Margot Hutchins
    • 3
  • Sami Kara
    • 4
  • Francesco Jovane
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Management Engineering, Division of Quantitative Sustainability AssessmentTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark
  2. 2.University of CaliforniaBerkleyUSA
  3. 3.Sandia National LaboratoriesLivermoreUSA
  4. 4.School of Mechanical and Manufacturing EngineeringThe University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  5. 5.Dipartimento di MeccanicaPolitecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Wim Dewulf
    • 1
  1. 1.Science, Engineering and Technology GroupKU Leuwen, Department of Mechanical EngineeringLeuvenBelgium