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Lokalanästhetika

  • Andreas Leffler
  • Sebastian Schulz-Stübner
Living reference work entry
Part of the Springer Reference Medizin book series (SRM)

Zusammenfassung

Die Physiologie der Nervenleitung, die chemische Struktur der gebräuchlichen Lokalanästhetika, ihre Pharmakodynamik und Pharmakokinetik werden ebenso erläutert, wie die sich daraus ableitenden Wirkungsunterschiede und Nebenwirkungen. Schwerpunkte bilden die Wirkungen auf das Zentralnervensystem und Herz-Kreislauf-System bei systemischer Resorption oder akzidenteller intravaskulärer Injektion und das Konzept der Wiederbelebung mittels Lipid Rescue bei lokalanästhetikainduziertem Herz-Kreislauf-Stillstand. Zusätzlich zu den Lokalanästhetika selbst werden häufig verwendete Adjuvanzien und ihre klinische Bedeutung abgehandelt und Empfehlungen für die klinische Anwendung bei den verschiedenen Formen der Regional- und Lokalanästhesie gegeben.

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Copyright information

© © Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Klinik für Anästhesiologie und IntensivmedizinHannoverDeutschland
  2. 2.BLZ GmbH, Beratungszentrum für HygieneFreiburgDeutschland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christian Werner
    • 1
  1. 1.Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Klinik für AnästhesiologieMainzDeutschland

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